Editor's note: At present, there is a problem of unbalanced development and insufficient supply on the supply side of Chinese herbal medicine production. The oversupply of Chinese herbal medicines and the mismatch between supply and demand are becoming more and more serious. In response to this problem, the journal issued a signed article by Huang Qiqi, executive vice president of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences and Wang Jiyong, technical director of China Traditional Chinese Medicine Co., Ltd., to propose solutions from 10 aspects to build a more sustainable and healthy development of Chinese herbal medicine industry.
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main contradictions in our society have been transformed into contradictions between the people's growing needs for a better life and the uneven development. The people's need for a better life is first and foremost a need for a healthy life. Traditional Chinese medicine plays an irreplaceable role in the fields of health care and disease prevention and treatment. Chinese medicinal materials are the material basis for the prevention and treatment of Chinese medicine. The stability and improvement of the quality of Chinese medicinal materials determine the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine. With the improvement of the demand level, higher requirements have been put forward on the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. The demand side of Chinese herbal medicines has undergone tremendous changes. In addition to the Chinese herbal medicines, Chinese herbal medicines must meet the raw materials of Chinese medicine industry such as Chinese patent medicines, Chinese medicine decoction pieces and Chinese medicine formula particles. In addition to the demand, it is more important to meet the multi-level needs of the health industry for Chinese medicine health products, food and food homologous health foods and other health and wellness products.
When traditional Chinese medicines gradually entered the ordinary people's homes and became the essential consumer goods for daily health and wellness, the requirements for the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines were redefined, and the demand and demand levels were gradually increased. The supply side of the Chinese herbal medicine production that matches it has problems of uneven development and insufficient development.
The development of Chinese herbal medicine industry still needs overall planning
The supply of Chinese herbal medicines is mainly dependent on the cultivation of medicinal materials. The production of Chinese medicinal materials has become an important and unique component of agricultural production. The production of Chinese medicinal materials must conform to the general laws of agricultural production, as well as special production requirements based on quality and efficacy. Most Chinese herbal medicines are perennial plants, and the law of supply and demand and the price changes are also different from crops.
The imbalance in the production of Chinese herbal medicines is first manifested in the imbalance between supply and demand. With the reform of agricultural supply side and the sluggish food prices, Chinese herbal medicine cultivation has become a key project for national promotion. Because Chinese herbal medicines have various resource attributes such as economy, ecology and medical care, Chinese herbal medicines have also become the primary priority for poverty alleviation and development of the forest economy. select. When all levels of government have listed the Chinese herbal medicine industry as a local pillar industry, the planting area of Chinese herbal medicines will show a spurt growth. However, the market demand for Chinese herbal medicines and the production and stock of Chinese herbal medicines lacked authoritative information statistics. The phenomenon of planting and following the asymmetry of supply and demand information is inevitable. At present, the oversupply of Chinese herbal medicines and the mismatch of supply and demand are becoming more and more serious. The new round of decline in the price of Chinese herbal medicines has gradually appeared in the second half of 2017. If we do not study the solution, it will result in a large backlog of Chinese herbal medicines and a new price. The round collapsed, hurting the interests of Chinese herbal medicine production practitioners, and thus jeopardizing the sustained and healthy development of Chinese medicine.
Chinese medicinal materials are highly local, and each medicinal material has its own real estate area according to its taste. In actual production, the phenomenon of blind introduction and expansion of production areas is very serious. For high-value medicinal materials, various places have developed, and driven by economic interests, the production areas have been forced to change. The real estate area has been replaced by so-called emerging areas. There are a lot of bad money in the market to drive out good money. The phenomenon of over-emphasizing scale and yield in the production of Chinese medicinal materials has not been reversed, resulting in high yields of some varieties of medicinal materials, but the qualified rate of medicinal materials has not been improved, resulting in a waste of production resources. In the production process of Chinese medicinal materials, the promotion and application of excellent varieties and advanced planting and processing technologies are insufficient, the production level is backward behind large-scale agriculture for many years, and the production efficiency per unit area has not been effectively released. The processing conditions of Chinese medicinal materials are backward, and the trading methods are still relatively primitive. Modern Chinese herbal medicine logistics and market systems are still not perfect. Due to various problems in the production, circulation, consumption and capital of Chinese herbal medicines, the Chinese herbal medicine industry will face severe challenges in 2018 and beyond. In order to solve the problem of the development of the Chinese herbal medicine industry, it is necessary to adhere to high-quality development and vigorously promote the structural reform of the supply side of Chinese herbal medicines.
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposes to deepen the structural reform of the supply side. It is necessary to improve the quality of the supply system as the main direction, insist on de-capacity, de-stocking, de-leverage, reduce costs, make up shortcomings, optimize the allocation of stock resources, and expand quality. Supply quantity to achieve dynamic balance between supply and demand. The Central Economic Work Conference held on December 18, 2017 proposed that the fundamental requirement of economic work in 2018 is to adhere to high-quality development. Xi Jinping's new era of socialist economic thoughts with Chinese characteristics, such as a bright light, illuminates the direction of the Chinese herbal medicine industry. The task of destocking, reducing costs and optimizing production capacity of Chinese herbal medicines remains arduous.
The production of Chinese herbal medicines will be transformed from a development model of heavy quantity to a development direction of quality and efficiency. The competition of Chinese herbal medicine industry will also be upgraded from pure product quality competition to quality control of the whole industry chain.
Take care of both quality and quantity, and walk out of the characteristic road of Chinese medicine agriculture
Adhere to high-quality development and promote the structural reform of the supply side of Chinese herbal medicines. The solution should be proposed from the following aspects. First, we will carry out supply-side reforms based on changes in demand side. With the improvement of people's living standards and the gradual improvement of the level of health demand, the requirements for the quality and safety of Chinese medicinal materials are higher. The demand for health and health functions and the consumption of homologous medicines for medicines and foods is increasing. In response to changes in demand, it is necessary to adjust Chinese medicines in a timely manner. The variety structure and planting area of the timber production, improve the quality standards and safety indicators of Chinese herbal medicines, and ensure the accurate matching of supply and demand. Second, to promote the establishment of statistical systems and channels for the production of Chinese herbal medicines, with the state as the leading factor, mobilize social forces to participate in the construction of a unified and authoritative Chinese herbal medicine production supply and market demand information data system. Based on the big data of production and sales information, it guides local governments at all levels to formulate scientific and rational regional development plans and industrial support policies, and at the same time guide Chinese medicine practitioners to carry out Chinese herbal medicine production activities in a timely and appropriate manner to maintain a relatively balanced supply and demand. Third, the state-led organization has compiled a plan for the construction of Chinese herbal medicines, especially the local medicinal materials production bases, with the principle of “orderly, effective and safe”, optimizing the distribution of Chinese herbal medicines in the country, and encouraging priority development in the real estate and main producing areas. High-quality medicinal materials, restricting the blind introduction of Chinese medicinal materials. Fourth, increase the supervision of the Chinese herbal medicine market, and force the industrial upgrading. Through the strict supervision of the quality of Chinese herbal medicines by the food and drug supervision and administration department, the price difference between high- and low-quality medicinal materials will be increased, the enthusiasm for producing high-quality medicinal materials will be increased, and the unfavorable situation of “bad money to expel good money” will be reversed. Fifth, in view of the different market demand for Chinese herbal medicines, research establishes classification quality standards, adheres to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standards for medical Chinese herbal medicines, and explores independent quality standards for healthy health and medicines and homologous medicines. Expand the demand and scope of use of Chinese herbal medicines, and alleviate the huge inventory pressure of Chinese herbal medicines that may come. Sixth, increase the promotion of fine varieties in the production of Chinese herbal medicines to ensure the quality of the source of the industrial chain. The pure seedlings and the genetic traits are the fundamental guarantee for the production of high-quality medicinal materials. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the support for the selection and promotion of new varieties of Chinese medicinal materials, formulate the industry standards for seedlings of Chinese medicinal materials, and build a nationally integrated Chinese medicine. The seed seedling supply guarantee platform ensures the continuous and stable supply of high-quality seed sources. At the same time, it can adjust the planting area and output through the regulation of seed supply, and prevent the oversupply of Chinese herbal medicines. Seventh, accelerate the cultivation of the modern Chinese herbal medicine market system and reduce the transaction and market circulation costs. Through technology upgrades, modernization of Chinese herbal medicine production, production processing and circulation facilities will be realized, and new technologies such as the Internet, Internet of Things, blockchain and artificial intelligence will be fully utilized to create a modern electronic trading market for Chinese herbal medicines, which will be established through the quality traceability system. The source knows that the destination can be traced, the quality can be checked, and the responsibility can be investigated to ensure that the quality of Chinese herbal medicines can be controlled. Eighth, research and establish a system for the collection and storage of Chinese herbal medicines to regulate market supply and demand. The demand for Chinese herbal medicines is inelastic, and the demand will not change greatly with the price rise and fall. The medicine is the medicine. If it is not sick, it will not take medicine. If it is cheap, it will not eat more. If the price rises, it should be eaten. Less is a treasure, more is a grass. The long-term price adjustment of Chinese herbal medicine production cycle is lagging behind. It is necessary to establish a system for the collection and storage of Chinese herbal medicines, establish a reservoir, and adjust the contradiction between supply and demand. Ninth, study the establishment of a leveling fund for Chinese herbal medicines. The price fluctuation of Chinese herbal medicines has been severely affected, which has affected the normal operation of the entire market. The establishment of the Chinese herbal medicine market leveling fund, that is, the government establishes funds in a statutory manner through specific institutions (CSRC, Ministry of Finance, exchanges, etc.). Buying when it falls sharply, and selling it when the price rises sharply, through the reverse operation of the Chinese herbal medicine market, ironing the market's violent fluctuations, and achieving the goal of stabilizing the Chinese herbal medicine market. Tenth, promote the construction of the “Belt and Road”, expand the international market of Chinese herbal medicines, and ease the contradiction between domestic supply and demand. In 2017, the export of Chinese herbal medicines to the countries along the “Belt and Road” is strong. The state needs to introduce relevant policies to support the export of Chinese herbal medicines, especially large-scale cultivation of medicines, to ease the pressure on domestic supply and demand.
In 2018, the Chinese herbal medicine industry is facing tremendous pressure and challenges. Perhaps the “frost period” of the Chinese herbal medicine industry is coming soon. In the face of difficulties, it is only difficult to face difficulties. All Chinese medicine practitioners can only be guided by Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Maintaining the development of strength, concentrating on wisdom, adhering to the initial intention of high-quality development, vigorously promoting the structural reform of the supply side of Chinese herbal medicines, following the basic principles of overall planning and rational planning, highlighting key points and implementing steps step by step, combining various medicinal materials The actual dosage, shortage degree, production basis and development trend of the varieties guide the industry to feed back the agriculture, promote the enterprise to become the main body of the Chinese herbal medicine production base, and make the base construction show a new trend of branding, ecologicalization, standardization, joint construction and sharing, and embark on a new trend. The unique Chinese medicine agriculture road will build a more sustainable and healthy development of the Chinese medicine industry, and contribute to the contribution of Chinese medicine to the establishment of a well-off society.