• In the course of its development, Chinese medicine practitioners continue to learn the nutrition of various disciplines such as philosophy and literature at that time, and form their own medical theoretical system. At the same time, they have integrated into the blood of China's excellent traditional culture and become an inseparable traditional culture. A part of. China's excellent traditional culture provides a profound source of soil and thought for the development of Chinese medicine, and is the foundation of the enduring years of Chinese medicine.
• Humanities and cultural forms express genes that construct the value gene chain of Chinese medicine culture. Humanistic attributes are the greatest attribute of traditional Chinese medicine. Only by fully recognizing the humanistic attributes of traditional Chinese medicine can we deeply understand Chinese medicine and eliminate the misunderstanding of Chinese medicine.
Traditional culture is the foundation of culture. Sticking to the Chinese cultural standpoint is to inherit the Chinese cultural genes, which means having a source of firm cultural self-confidence.
By studying the cultural genes of Chinese medicine, we can not only deeply explore the deep core of TCM culture, reveal the structure, function and inheritance of TCM culture genes, but also explore the homology and isomorphism of TCM culture and Chinese excellent traditional culture genes, and analyze Chinese and Western medicine. The comparison, conflict and fusion of cultural genes, analysis of the relationship between TCM cultural genes and traditional cultural genes. This will help to strengthen cultural self-confidence, contribute to the transmission and transmission of Chinese medicine culture genes, and the development of Chinese medicine under the vision of Chinese medicine culture genes.
Strengthening cultural self-confidence and inheriting the cultural genes of Chinese medicine, it is necessary to understand what is the cultural gene of Chinese medicine, how to inherit the cultural genes of Chinese medicine, and how to promote the development of Chinese medicine with the power of culture.
Inheriting Chinese medicine culture genes
• Chinese medicine culture genes have homology, isomorphism and complementarity with Chinese excellent traditional cultural genes
Chinese medicine culture has a profound cultural soil and a lasting cultural charm. Chinese medicine culture has its own language form, its own way of thinking, and its own values. Fundamentally speaking, it is because of the long-term cultivation of China's excellent traditional culture, or that China's excellent traditional culture provides the nutrients needed for the development of Chinese medicine. In particular, the philosophical thoughts, the humanistic spirit, the cultural function, the medical ethics, and the medical ethics that run through it all stem from the fine soil of the Chinese national culture.
As part of Chinese traditional culture, Chinese medicine culture not only has the same commonality as Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, but also has different personalities from Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. The development of Chinese medicine culture has an interactive and complementary relationship with Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism in different historical periods. For example, the theory of "the Confucianism, Taoism, and the Confucianism" has been put forward, thus laying the foundation for Chinese traditional culture.
In the course of its development, Chinese medicine has continuously absorbed the nutrition of various disciplines such as philosophy, literature, mathematics, astronomy, geography, military science, etc., and formed its own medical theoretical system. At the same time, it has also integrated the blood of China's excellent traditional culture. Among them, it becomes an inseparable part of traditional culture. In this way, China's excellent traditional culture provides a profound source of soil and thought for the development of Chinese medicine, and is the foundation of the enduring years of Chinese medicine.
• Image thinking (like science) and humanistic cultural expressions become the basic elements of Chinese medicine culture genes
The TCM culture genes include the genes of thinking and the expression of human and cultural forms, which together constitute the "double helix" structure of TCM culture genes. Elephant thinking is the thinking mode of Chinese medicine culture. It has the characteristics of image, integrity, fluidity and non-logic. The characteristic of traditional Chinese medicine is the unique way of thinking of traditional Chinese medicine. This way of thinking is like the model thinking. Chinese medicine is based on the functional model to construct the human life system. This way of thinking has unique advantages in terms of human physiology, pathology, and prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine is the representative of Chinese elephant science. It takes time as the basis and attaches importance to the study of objects. It mainly uses imagery thinking methods. This method can save the richness and integrity of phenomena in the process of understanding things. "Doctors, intentions," imagery thinking is the most distinctive way of thinking in Chinese medicine.
Humanities and cultural forms express genes construct the value gene chain of Chinese medicine culture. Humanistic attributes are the greatest attribute of traditional Chinese medicine. Only by fully recognizing the humanistic attributes of traditional Chinese medicine can we deeply understand Chinese medicine and eliminate the misunderstanding of Chinese medicine. Some experts also advocate separating the humanistic attributes of Chinese medicine from the scientific attributes, and then conducting different research on the contents of different categories. In fact, the humanistic and scientific attributes of TCM culture are the connotations of TCM culture, and they also constitute the basic elements of TCM culture genes.
Firm cultural confidence
The TCM culture gene is the root of TCM, and it has the function of controlling, maintaining and guiding the inheritance of TCM theory. TCM is questioned about cultural self-confidence. In modern times, with the introduction of Western studies, Western cultural centralism began to spread in China. The confusion and crisis encountered by Chinese medicine are medical science problems from the surface, and in essence they are cultural issues, that is, cultural self-confidence and cultural identity. Under the wave of globalization, the fundamental task of the inheritance of Chinese medicine culture is to protect and spread the cultural genes of Chinese medicine, and to adhere to the expression of Chinese medicine and the expression of cultural genes. Inheriting the TCM culture gene is a systematic project, which requires the joint efforts of the society, not only to spread and promote the excellent traditional Chinese culture in the whole society - the basis of the inheritance of TCM culture genes, but also to strengthen the excellent traditional culture education of college students of TCM in colleges and universities - - The core of Chinese medicine culture gene inheritance, but also let Chinese medicine culture also "go out", while expanding the soft power and influence of Chinese culture, and broaden the channels of Chinese medicine culture communication. In this way, only by inheriting the cultural genes of Chinese medicine can we maintain the confidence of traditional Chinese culture.
• Stick to the important position of inheriting Chinese medicine culture - Chinese medicine colleges and universities
It is extremely important to focus on the combination of medical and literature to cultivate high-quality Chinese medicine culture and inherit innovative talents in the context of contemporary education. Inheriting the Chinese traditional culture, inheriting the Chinese medicine culture genes, and retaining the roots of Chinese medicine is the unshirkable responsibility of modern higher education. Due to the influence of biomedical model, modern TCM education neglects TCM culture education, which leads to the shortage of TCM culture of Chinese medicine, the lack of TCM thinking ability and the lack of TCM culture. The cultural education of Chinese medicine is of great significance: the use of Chinese medicine culture for patriotism education can enhance the national pride of Chinese medicine and the belief of developing Chinese medicine; use the "benevolence" thought of traditional Chinese medicine culture to cultivate the noble professional ethics of Chinese medicine college students; borrow unique Chinese medicine culture The way of thinking helps Chinese medicine college students to establish solid professional thinking.
To strengthen the cultural education of Chinese medicine, we must first establish the concept of TCM culture education of "Benevolence, benevolence, and benevolence", and cultivate the inheritance and innovation of high-quality Chinese medicine culture with "the heart of benevolence, the power of benevolence, and the journey of benevolent people" Talent. Secondly, a series of courses on Chinese medicine culture will be established to form an ideological and political education, humanistic quality education, Chinese medicine culture education, medical humanities education, and a humanistic education model that emphasizes the cultural characteristics of Chinese medicine and the four-in-one. Finally, cultural people, through the creation of a strong cultural atmosphere of Chinese medicine culture campus, carry out a variety of traditional Chinese medicine cultural practice activities, internalizing the Chinese medicine culture concept into the cultural gene of Chinese medicine, and externalizing it into its behavior.
Medicine can only open up the future if we don't forget it. Only by being good at inheritance can we innovate. As a gem of ancient Chinese science, Chinese medicine embodies profound philosophical wisdom and the healthy health concept and practical experience of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. Where should medicine go, it can draw wisdom from traditional Chinese medicine and find it from the Chinese medicine culture gene? Revelation. Based on this, we should not only carry forward the spirit of upstream and poor sources, explore and trace the essence of Chinese medicine culture genes, attach importance to "treatment of disease", pay attention to group health, overcome the development dilemma faced by modern medicine with the advantage of Chinese medicine culture, and guide medical development. direction.
Facing the wave of globalization and facing the impact of modern medicine, on the one hand, Chinese medicine should not only “return to the present”, but also maintain its own characteristics to maintain its subjectivity. At the same time, it must also “open up new”, learn, draw on and utilize modern technology, especially Enrich and develop yourself with modern medicine. Maintaining the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine is to maintain the inheritance of Chinese medicine culture genes, learn and learn from modern science and technology, and focus on promoting the modernization of Chinese medicine by realizing the optimization and reorganization of Chinese and Western medicine culture genes. Among them, the inheritance of Chinese medicine culture genes is the premise of the optimization and reorganization of Chinese and Western medicine culture genes, and it is also an important guarantee that Chinese medicine culture does not lose its direction in the process of modernization and does not lose its self in the context of globalization.
Traditional Chinese and Western medicine are rooted in different cultural traditions and form different medical culture genes. The genetic differences between Chinese and Western medicine are mainly manifested in four aspects:
First, in terms of epistemology, Chinese medicine takes pictures and the Western medicine entity seeks the original.
Second, in terms of time and space, Chinese medicine pays attention to the temporal characteristics of life, and Western medicine pays attention to the spatial characteristics of the human body.
Third, in terms of ways of thinking, Chinese medicine attaches importance to imagery thinking, and Western medicine attaches importance to abstract thinking.
Fourth, in terms of values, Chinese medicine pursues perfection, and Western medicine advocates seeking truth.
Chinese medicine culture is most likely to build a Chinese national cultural brand with its cultural value representative of the most Chinese culture and the practical value of health care to protect people's health. It is also the most likely to become the key to opening the treasure house of Chinese civilization through the export of national cultural brand. ". The international communication of TCM culture involves the translation, TCM translation, TCM culture communication strategy, significance, connotation, path, strategy, etc. The results can provide a research example for Chinese culture to "go global" and enhance the study of Chinese cultural soft power.
Although the culture of traditional Chinese medicine has spread to more than 180 countries and regions in the world, and accumulated a lot of successful experience, due to the differences in different cultures and the lack of cultural communication, it has affected the Chinese medicine to the world to a certain extent. In order to be widely recognized by the world community, Chinese medicine culture must follow the path of maintaining its characteristics and connecting with the world. This requires three efforts:
The first is to establish the self-confidence of Chinese medicine culture, strengthen the protection of Chinese medicine's unique cultural genes and clinical experience and skills, in order to leave living species carrying Chinese medicine culture in the world medical history.
The second is to express the unique things in the Chinese medicine culture more clearly in modern language, so that it is easy to popularize and communicate, and become a universal information and consensus.
The third is to continuously explore the new realm of Chinese medicine culture in the process of integration with foreign medical culture, and actively explore the things of Chinese medicine culture that have universal value for global culture. In this way, we can realize the historical situation in which Chinese medicine truly takes the world.
Cultural genes are the basic factors of cultural development and inheritance. They are characterized by sociality, orientation, multidimensionality, selectivity, intangibility and variability. Under the background of the new era, the Chinese traditional culture, including the traditional Chinese medicine culture, should continue to be better and gain new vitality. It must be forward to the future and keep its own characteristics and advantages while breaking through itself. Limit, discard those untimely content, correct the development direction with scientific theories, and absorb the excellent civilization achievements of mankind with an open mind. Only with the mind to change from time to time and into the world, with lofty realm, sacred mission, maximum responsibility, broad vision and broad mind, can Chinese medicine become a reality in the world.