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Ginseng: Industrial health can ensure personal health
In traditional Chinese medicine, ginseng has always played a pivotal role. Because of its remarkable therapeutic and nourishing effects, it has been widely favored by medical doctors. However, to this day, the ginseng, which is known as the “King of Herbs”, faces many development bottlenecks and misunderstandings.
Big but not strong is the "pain" of China's participation in the industry.
Among many Chinese herbal medicines, ginseng has the reputation of “king of the grass”. China is the first country to apply ginseng, and it has a history of more than 4,000 years. The Pharmacopoeia "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic" records that ginseng is sweet, and the main complements the five internal organs, the spirit of the spirit, the soul of the soul, the convulsions, the evil spirits, the eyesight, the happiness, the puzzle, and the long-term service. In the "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" written by Zhang Zhongjing, a total of 113 prescriptions were collected, including 21 ginseng.
China is also the main producing country of ginseng, with the largest cultivated area and the highest yield. At present, the annual total output of ginseng in the world is more than 10,000 tons, of which the annual output of ginseng in China is about 7,000 tons, accounting for 70% of the world's total output. However, what does not match such high output is that in the international market, the share of ginseng in China is very small, still less than 4%. Korean Korean ginseng, although it is planted area or output, is far lower than China, but its total output value is 3 to 4 times of the total output value of ginseng in China. Big but not strong has become the pain of China's ginseng industry.
Misunderstandings lead to limited application scope
According to the Chinese medicine classics, ginseng has the functions of nourishing yin and nourishing the body, strengthening the body and so on, and can be widely used in the treatment of various diseases. Modern science has confirmed that ginseng has a strong health care function, and has many health effects such as anti-oxidation, anti-fatigue, anti-hypoxia, anemia, immune enhancement, and blood sugar lowering. However, due to many misunderstandings, people have limited application of ginseng in China.
Many people think that ginseng is a medicine and can only be used to treat diseases. In fact, Chinese traditional medicine pays attention to the homologous medicine and food. There is no absolute dividing line for most foods and drugs. In August 2012, China officially approved ginseng as food, and internationally, such as the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, etc., also used ginseng as food management.
In addition, China's ginseng still has a single product category. The only common ginseng wine, ginseng powder and capsules on the market. In another ginseng country, South Korea, hundreds of products such as beverages, biscuits, candy, tea, instant noodles, jams, and honey pieces have been developed.
Mixed fish and dragons, shoddy phenomenon is not uncommon
There are many types of ginseng. According to the growing environment, they can be mainly divided into wild ginseng, wild ginseng and garden ginseng.
Wild ginseng is naturally released from the seeds or swallowed by birds and beasts. It grows naturally in the mountains and forests. It usually grows for a long time, ranging from ten years to hundreds of years. It is rare. Wild ginseng is artificially sown, and then allowed to grow naturally in the forest, with a growth period of more than 15 years. It is mainly produced in Changbai Mountain and Yanshan Mountains in Jilin, Tianqiaogou in Kuandian, Liaoning. Garden ginseng is an artificial cultivation ginseng, which usually takes five to six years from planting to harvesting. Because wild ginseng has strict requirements on the growing environment, vegetation conditions, forest conditions, soil, temperature, light, moisture and even air must be suitable, otherwise it is difficult to survive, so the yield is low, but its medicinal value and garden ginseng have great difference.
Studies have shown that ginsenoside is the main active ingredient in ginseng, and the content of saponin in wild ginseng is not only higher than that of garden ginseng, but the type and proportion of saponin are also very different. In addition, the trace elements such as manganese, zinc and selenium contained in wild ginseng are higher than the garden ginseng, and the longer the growth period, the higher the content. It can be seen that for ginseng, a "wild" word is worth a thousand dollars. It is precisely because of this that the current market is mixed, and the phenomenon of shoddy is not uncommon. Many unscrupulous businesses deliberately confuse the concept, using garden ginseng to pretend wild ginseng and deceive consumers.
Urgent development of a branded, large-scale development pattern
At present, with the continuous development of the economy, people's attention to health and health is increasing. More and more people are aware of the health care function of wild ginseng, and the demand is increasing. According to the survey data, in recent years, the annual growth rate of wild ginseng in China has exceeded 20%.
However, compared with the growing demand, the overall development of China's ginseng industry is not satisfactory. The overall structure of "small", "scattered" and "disorderly" has largely restricted the development of China's ginseng industry. Due to the insufficient deep processing capability of most enterprises and the weak research and development capabilities, China's ginseng can only play the role of “raw material supplier” in the international market. Therefore, the development pattern of branding, scale and industrialization is imminent. Fortunately, some domestic companies have begun to lay out. At present, China's largest wild ginseng enterprise, Shenxianyuan, has begun to integrate resources and cooperate with scientific research institutions to try to extend the industrial chain. Through continuous efforts, it has completed the transformation from rough processing to finishing processing. At present, it has gathered production, processing, and Sales in one, and the development of a variety of high-tech products, comprehensively improve the level of leading enterprises, and promote the overall industrial development process.
In addition, national standards are the basic regulations for industrial development, and are also the key factors guiding the healthy development of the industry, and are also a powerful weapon for industrial competition. Relevant experts have called for the government's functional departments to establish and improve the standardization system as soon as possible, and increase support for policies and funds.
Wild ginseng mainly contains saponins, namely ginsenosides, sugars, volatile oils, fatty oils, sterols, amino acids, vitamins, etc. Among them, ginsenoside is the main component of wild ginseng.
Studies have confirmed that ginsenosides can significantly prolong life and cell life, remove free radicals that cause aging, protect biofilms, and promote good health.
The ginsenoside Rg3 in wild ginseng can inhibit the formation of vascular endothelial growth factor by acting on a specific target gene, thereby blocking the formation of neovascularization around the tumor and achieving the effect of "starving" tumor. As a rare saponin of wild ginseng, Rg3 has a 99.9% effectiveness in destroying cancer cells and an inhibition rate of 48%. It has a good effect on the prevention and inhibition of cancer, and also has a comprehensive effect on the treatment of cancer at various stages.
In addition, the main cause of human skin aging is poor blood circulation, decreased metabolism, and reduced skin elasticity. Because wild ginseng contains a variety of ginsenosides, amino acids, vitamins and minerals, it has the function of promoting blood circulation of subcutaneous capillaries, increasing the nutritional supply of the skin, preventing arteriosclerosis, and regulating skin water balance. Therefore, it can delay skin aging, prevent dryness and dehydration of the skin, increase the elasticity of the skin, thereby protecting the skin from softness and tenderness, preventing and reducing skin wrinkles. Wild ginseng active substance also has the effect of inhibiting the reduction of melanin and making the skin white and smooth.