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Seeking the strategic direction of Chinese medicine, promoting the healthy development of the industry
The “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” for the development of Chinese medicine is expected to reach a total output value of 559 billion yuan and an average annual growth rate of 12% by 2015. In 2013, the total output value of the Chinese medicine industry reached 632.44 billion yuan. According to relevant sources, the total output value of the Chinese medicine industry in 2014 has exceeded 700 billion yuan. Both the absolute value and the growth rate of the Chinese medicine industry have far exceeded expectations.
This year's "Chinese Herbal Medicine Protection and Development Plan (2015~2020)" has become a powerful engine for industrial development. From the cultivation, processing and logistics of Chinese herbal medicines to the quality supervision and standardization of Chinese herbal medicines, the development of Chinese medicine industry inside and outside the industry is full of expectations and prospects. At the summit forum and sub-forum of the Chinese Medicine Development Conference held in Zhangzhou, the “Planning” became the hot topic. Chinese medicine experts and the heads of government management departments unanimously stated that the "Planning" has laid out the direction for the whole industrial chain of Chinese medicine, and pointed out the direction for the healthy and sustainable development of the Chinese medicine industry.
Control the first pass, regulate the source of Chinese herbal medicines
“Multi-departmental joint release of “Planning” shows that the state attaches great importance to the Chinese medicine industry.” Guo Shiyuan, a master of Chinese medicine who has been over the years, is most grateful to the “Planning”. He said that this will have an impact on the Chinese medicine industry.
The pros and cons of Chinese herbal medicines are directly related to the quality of Chinese medicine products. For the control of the source of Chinese medicinal materials, there are many detailed expressions in the "Planning". "In particular, it puts forward the 'in-depth analysis of the origin of Chinese medicinal materials', indicating the industry's return to the authenticity of medicinal materials." According to Jin Shiyuan of medicinal materials research, it is far from enough for Chinese herbal medicines to rely entirely on traditional “medicine materials”. It is also necessary to develop innovation on the basis of the original.
Jin Shiyuan believes that "Planning" has a clear development direction for all aspects of Chinese herbal medicine production, refining standards and standardizing the source, and is conducive to strictly controlling the quality of traditional Chinese medicines from the quality of medicinal materials.
Chen Qiguang, a researcher at the Institute of Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in his speech that Chinese herbal medicines should be managed as strategic resources, highlighting the importance of Chinese herbal medicines on the one hand, and raising higher requirements for the management of Chinese herbal medicines. "As a strategic resource, the quality assurance and rational use of Chinese herbal medicines cannot be neglected. The quality of Chinese herbal medicines is not only an issue within the industry, but its production involves multiple links and multiple departments. It should be comprehensively solved by all parties in the whole society. The rational use of Chinese herbal medicines It cannot be ignored. For the improper use of Chinese herbal medicines, the demand for Chinese herbal medicines has been expanded on the surface, which has become misleading for the farmers."
Chen Qiguang believes that Chinese herbal medicines should meet the medical and health needs and the development needs of the domestic market in the context of quality assurance. Development should focus on the consideration of Chinese herbal medicines as strategic resources, strengthen management, and pay more attention to its safety.
Anhui is one of the provinces for the production and processing of traditional Chinese medicines and Chinese patent medicines in China. The research and development of various industrial products based on traditional Chinese medicines is also accelerating. Dong Mingpei, director of the Anhui Provincial Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, believes that while ensuring the output of Chinese herbal medicines, The protection of the source of Chinese medicinal materials should be strengthened by means of dynamic monitoring.
“The modern Chinese medicine industry is upgrading from planting to circulation. The traditional means can no longer fully satisfy the monitoring of the Chinese herbal medicine industry chain.” Dong Mingpei said that Anhui Province is gradually achieving the guidance and promotion from seed resource protection to standardized planting. Establish a dynamic monitoring system for valuable medicinal materials and endangered resources, laying the foundation for the sound development of Chinese medicinal materials.
Clarify the modernization of drug flow in all links
The industrial chain of Chinese herbal medicines is long, and it has received storage and circulation from planting and harvesting. Many links and many factors may have an impact on the quality of Chinese herbal medicines.
Taking Chinese herbal medicine logistics as an example, processing, storage and dispersion, packaging is not standardized, sulfur fumigation, mildew and other conservation problems are difficult to solve, which restricts the development of Chinese herbal medicines and Chinese medicine industry.
“Now many plantation operators have said that the extensive operation in the past will not work, and they should follow the path of standardization, scale, and industrialization.” Wang Guihua, secretary general of the China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that the association has standardized the cultivation of authentic medicinal materials and heavy metal residues. In terms of detection and control, research has developed and published many standards.
"At present, in the field of Chinese herbal medicine circulation, the standards for commodity grade specifications, especially the standards for adapting to e-commerce, will be introduced one after another. The quality of medicines and medicinal materials will be greatly improved in such an environment and background." Wang Guihua explained.
"Building a modern logistics system for Chinese herbal medicines is an effective measure to ensure the safety and quality of Chinese herbal medicines circulation." Wen Zaixing, former inspector of the Department of Market Order of the Ministry of Commerce, is also the chairman of the National Committee of Chinese Herbal Medicine Logistics Experts. He also has a lot of in-depth understanding of the circulation of Chinese herbal medicines. He explained that the modern logistics system will make the processing of Chinese herbal medicines more intensive, the packaging of Chinese herbal medicines will be more standardized, the storage of Chinese herbal medicines will be centralized and unified, and the logistics management of Chinese herbal medicines will be seamlessly connected with the traceability management.
At the same time, Wen Zaixing revealed that under the guidance of the Department of Market Order of the Ministry of Commerce, the Guidelines for the Planning and Construction of the National Chinese Herbal Medicine Logistics Base, drafted by the China Storage Association and the China Traditional Chinese Medicine Association, will be introduced, and the national Chinese medicine logistics base construction plan will be proposed. At the same time, the national standard "Quality Management Standards for Chinese Herbal Medicine Logistics Management" (GWP) will also be available in the future. "Now the construction of modern logistics system for Chinese herbal medicines has begun. Many Chinese herbal medicine circulation enterprises are beginning to take active actions to participate in the construction of warehousing logistics bases. Through the use of modern technology, it will bring about major changes in the circulation of Chinese herbal medicines."
Exploring the roads in various places, helping the overall improvement of the industry
Wang Guihua said that after the release of the plan, the medicinal materials operators and growers in the main producing areas of Chinese herbal medicines, especially the location of the 17 Chinese herbal medicines trading market, have obvious pulling effects. Local governments have also actively implemented the plan. For example, in Chenzhou, Henan Province, two months ago, in conjunction with its actual situation, it initiated the development of local Chinese medicine development plans.
The Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan Province account for 61% of the country, and the Chinese herbal medicine industry is a characteristic bio-industry that develops regional economy in the province. Zheng Jin, deputy director of the Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission and director of the Provincial Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, once again came to the development conference this year. As the head of the Chinese medicine management department in the province of traditional Chinese medicine, he is very concerned about the development of Chinese medicine resources and the development of Chinese medicine industry.
In May this year, the Yunnan Provincial Government issued the “Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Chinese Medicine Industry”, proposing that by 2017, the total output value of traditional Chinese medicine (ethnic medicine) in the province will reach 90 billion yuan, creating a “Modern Chinese Medicine (National Medicine) Economic Circle”. Construct a statistical information data platform for the Chinese herbal medicine industry in the province, guide the planting layout, and provide price warning.
Yunnan Province carried out research on the evaluation, protection and breeding techniques of rare and endangered Chinese medicine resources with 30 key protection and development, mastered the existing resources, formulated wild herbs collection norms, and established breeding demonstration bases. "By standardizing the production of medicinal materials, we can promote the sustainable use of traditional Chinese medicine resources. We have to overcome more difficulties." Zheng Jin is full of confidence.
As the country's largest distribution center for Chinese herbal medicines, Anhui encourages large-scale Chinese medicine enterprises in the province to participate in the formulation of local Chinese herbal medicine standards, and is actively preparing for the establishment of third-party quality evaluation agencies. "The next step is to build an international futures trade on the Luzhou Chinese herbal medicine trading platform, so that Chinese medicine can serve the masses of more countries and regions." Dong Mingpei said.
Yang Jingnong, secretary of the Cangzhou Municipal Party Committee, said that Cangzhou has modern Chinese medicine as the first industry, and the annual transaction volume of the Chinese herbal medicine market exceeds 21 billion yuan. Cangzhou City will strive to make modern Chinese medicine into a billion-dollar industry in 2020 and establish Zhangzhou's leading position in the Chinese traditional medicine industry.