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In the next fifteen years, where is the development of Chinese medicine?
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 26th The State Council recently issued the "Outline of Strategic Planning for Chinese Medicine Development (2016-2030)". This national-level strategy outline for Chinese medicine proposes that by 2020, the basic enjoyment of Chinese medicine services for all, the Chinese medicine industry will become one of the important pillars of the national economy; by 2030, the full coverage of Chinese medicine services, Chinese medicine health services The ability has been significantly enhanced and made greater contributions to economic and social development.
In the next fifteen years, where is the development direction of Chinese medicine? How to achieve medium and long-term goals? The reporter interviewed the competent authorities and relevant experts to sort out this.
Traditional Chinese Medicine: Improve the network of Chinese medicine medical services covering urban and rural areas
[Strategic Planning] Effectively improve the medical service capabilities of Chinese medicine. Improve the network of Chinese medicine medical services covering urban and rural areas. The TCM medical service network, which is based on traditional Chinese medicine hospitals, general hospitals and other types of hospitals, is the backbone of the traditional medical and medical institutions, supplemented by Chinese medicine clinics and clinics, covering urban and rural areas. Improve the ability of Chinese medicine to prevent and treat diseases. Promote "Internet +" Chinese medicine.
[Interpretation] Yu Wenming, deputy director of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, pointed out that the purpose of planning is to improve the service capacity of Chinese medicine, facilitate patient visits, and improve the accessibility of Chinese medicine services.
"To comprehensively build a network of Chinese medicine medical services covering urban and rural areas, implement the TCM clinical advantage cultivation project and the grassroots Chinese medicine service capacity improvement project to enhance the service capabilities of Chinese medicine, especially to solve the service capabilities of major difficult diseases, chronic diseases and common diseases. Yu Wenming said that increasing the supply of services in Chinese medicine hospitals, ensuring the needs of patients, facilitating patients to seek medical treatment, and alleviating the problem of "expensive medical treatment and difficult medical treatment."
Health care: speed up the construction of service system
[Strategic Planning] Accelerate the construction of the TCM health care service system and support the social forces to organize TCM health care institutions. Improve the ability of TCM health care services, and promote healthy work and lifestyles that incorporate the concept of TCM treatment. Promote the integration of Chinese medicine and old-age care, and promote the access of Chinese medical resources to pension institutions, communities and households. Promote the organic integration of Chinese medicine health services and tourism industry, and develop Chinese medicine health tourism that integrates medical care, rehabilitation, health care, cultural communication and tourism.
[Interpretation] "On the work and not cure." The Chinese Medicine Dictionary of the Yellow Emperor of the Yellow Emperor recorded the idea of "treating the disease" as early as 2,000 years ago.
"Chinese medicine plays a leading role in 'treatment without disease'." Li Zongyou, director of the Information Institute of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, said that the preventive medicine idea of "treating the disease" of traditional Chinese medicine is to promote physical and mental health through methods such as keeping a healthy body, a reasonable diet, and a cautious living. Health, health and disease prevention. This kind of concept and method can achieve the goal of making the people not sick, less sick, delaying illness, and not causing serious illness. It can also reduce medical expenses and achieve "win-win".
Inheriting innovation: inheriting theoretical methods, strengthening scientific research
[Strategic Planning] Strengthening the inheritance of theoretical methods of traditional Chinese medicine, comprehensively inheriting the academic thoughts and clinical diagnosis and treatment experience of contemporary Chinese and traditional Chinese medicine experts, summarizing the basic clinical diagnosis and treatment rules of dominant diseases of traditional Chinese medicine; conducting a general survey of traditional Chinese medicine literature resources, compiling and publishing "Chinese Medical Collection" 》. Strengthen the education of Chinese medicine teachers. Improve the collaborative innovation system of Chinese medicine. Strengthen the scientific research of traditional Chinese medicine, apply modern science and technology and traditional Chinese medicine research methods, and carry out the theory of acupoint specificity and acupuncture treatment, and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine.
[Interpretation] Chinese medicine has accumulated rich theories, techniques, knowledge and methods for disease prevention and health preservation in the development of thousands of years. Chinese pharmacist Tu Yu and her team read dozens of ancient medical books and finally took inspiration from the "Elbow Reserve Emergency" to develop a new and effective antimalarial drug "artemisinin".
In the view of Wang Jian, the president of Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the inheritance of Chinese medicine and experience and the clinical and academic innovation of Chinese medicine must be equally important. "Innovate the inheritance ideas and development ideas of traditional Chinese medicine. Innovate the methods of Chinese medicine inheritance and the development methods that keep pace with the times. Chinese medicine wants to get healthy development better, requires high-quality talent team, high-level scientific and technological innovation, and innovation system. Mechanism, good social environment and cultural environment. In the field of Chinese medicine industry, it is necessary to clarify the objectives, clarify the ideas, highlight the key points, and strive to improve the clinical efficacy and academic level through the organic combination of innovative ideas and innovative methods. Develop and improve," he said.
Overseas Development: Strengthening Foreign Exchange and Cooperation, Expanding International Trade
[Strategic Planning] Strengthening foreign exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine, implementing the overseas development project of Chinese medicine, promoting the development of Chinese medicine technology, medicines, standards and services, promoting the wide acceptance of Chinese medicine by the international community, and promoting multi-level international education exchanges and cooperation in Chinese medicine. Incorporate international trade of Chinese medicine into the overall strategy of national foreign trade development, strengthen the international protection of intellectual property rights of Chinese medicine, expand the international market access of Chinese medicine service trade, support Chinese medicine institutions to participate in the construction of “One Belt and One Road”, and expand the investment and trade of Chinese medicine.
[Interpretation] According to statistics, Chinese medicine has spread to 183 countries and regions in the world. There are more than 100,000 acupuncture clinics in China, more than 300,000 acupuncturists and more than 50,000 registered Chinese medicine practitioners. Traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture has been included in the “List of Representatives of Human Intangible Cultural Heritage”. The Chinese government has signed 85 cooperation agreements with foreign governments and regional authorities that contain Chinese medicine content.
"The plan outlines that the integration of Chinese medicine international trade into the overall strategy of national foreign trade development, the establishment of a policy support system, and the breakthrough of overseas laws, policy barriers and technical barriers restricting the development of TCM foreign trade, which will positively affect our Chinese medicine enterprises. Ye Zhengliang, CEO of Tasly Holding Group Manufacturing and Manufacturing Group, said that the Chinese patent medicine compound Danshen Dripping Pill is entering the registration and research system of the mainstream pharmaceutical market in developed countries. The internationalization of Chinese medicine will drive more modern Chinese medicine products to the world.
Cultural atmosphere: promoting Chinese medicine into the campus
[Strategic Planning] Promote Chinese medicine into the campus, enter the community, enter the countryside, enter the family, integrate the basic knowledge of Chinese medicine into the traditional culture and physiology and health curriculum of primary and secondary schools, and give full play to the role of social organization to form a whole society "believing Chinese medicine, love Chinese medicine The strong atmosphere of using Chinese medicine and the good development of Chinese medicine.
[Interpretation] Promoting Chinese medicine culture is not only about creating an atmosphere, but more importantly, it is necessary to spread it in a variety of forms and to let the people truly understand and agree.
It is understood that Beijing has 35 middle and primary schools in four districts and counties to teach Chinese medicine culture knowledge. In 2011, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine selected students interested in Chinese medicine in Beijing Dongcheng Hongzhi Middle School to set up a “High School Xinglin Experimental Class” to carry out Chinese medicine culture education from high school. In 2014, the undergraduate rate of 28 people in the Xinglin Experimental Class reached 90%, and a total of 3 people were admitted to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.
Tong Xiaolin, deputy director of Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, believes that the form of Chinese medicine culture entering the campus is very good. The weakening of traditional Chinese culture has gradually lost the cultural environment in which Chinese medicine exists. The people should be allowed to feel more about Chinese traditional culture, so that Chinese medicine has the roots of inheritance and development.