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Interpretation | Looking at the standardization of Chinese medicine from the outline of planning
The State Council recently issued the "Outline of Strategic Planning for Chinese Medicine Development (2016-2030)" to clarify the development direction and work focus of Chinese medicine in the next 15 years, and is a programmatic document to promote the development of Chinese medicine in the new era. In order to deeply understand the spirit of the "Planning Outline", it is necessary to correctly understand the standard as one of the safeguard systems in the implementation process of the "Planning Outline" and explore how to play the role of the Society in the standardization work.
Strategy has been set, planning is issued, where is the standard sword?
The promulgation of the Outline of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2016-2030) is a new milestone in the history of the development of Chinese medicine. The full text of the "Planning Outline" is more than 9,800 words, which brings together the wisdom of the whole industry, reflects the demands of the industry, and carries out a very comprehensive planning for the work of Chinese medicine in the next 15 years. It has far-reaching historical significance and important practical significance. Yang Rongchen, deputy director of the Policy, Regulation and Supervision Department of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, interpreted the "Planning Outline" with the four key words of system, system, base and engineering. He said that the 26 "systems", 22 "institutions", 20 "bases" and 14 "projects" in the "Planning Outline" basically cover 24 key tasks in the planning. Yang Rongchen also made a detailed interpretation of the content of the standard system in the "Planning Outline", and pointed out that the standardization work as an important guarantee system for the implementation of the "Planning Outline" has a long way to go.
There are more than 20 contents related to the construction of the standard system in the full text of the Outline of Chinese Medicine Development Strategy (2016-2030). Full implementation of the plan, what should the Chinese Medicine Association as an important bearer of Chinese medicine standardization work do? ? Zou Chao of the China Association for Science and Technology Reform and Development pointed out that the society should actively implement the overall plan of the "Planning Outline" and actively implement the public service functions such as group standards under the leadership and guidance of the competent departments to improve service quality and consolidate the work advantages. Create a learning brand. As the only group standard pilot unit in the field of medicine, the Chinese Medicine Association of China must focus on industry deployment and learning to undertake government transfer function requirements, and develop more and better and competitive group standards for industry and market innovation needs.
In response to the key work of the standard system construction, Huang Qiqi, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the executive vice president of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, pointed out that the action plan and work roadmap should be formulated as soon as possible according to the "Planning Outline", and the division of tasks among various ministries, relevant academic organizations and scientific research institutions should be clarified.
Liu Qingquan, dean of Beijing Chinese Medicine Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, suggested that the society should focus on the standardization system in the "Planning Outline", sort out the people who need standards, standard things and standard places, and gradually establish the urgently needed Chinese medicine talents, diagnosis and treatment, management, Standards for hospital construction and other aspects.
Thick accumulation, teamwork, and common standards
After more than two years of in-depth research, the Outline of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2016-2030) fully reflects the characteristics of the era of "big data creates high concepts, high concepts guide new directions", with strong directionality and wide coverage. The content is pragmatic. Huang Yiqi said that the standardization of traditional Chinese medicine should grasp four key points. First, in-depth research can support the formulation of standards, second, establish a standardized and efficient standard management organization, third, build an influential promotion and release platform, and fourth, integrate the production, study and research. Resources, establish testing institutions, and guarantee standard applications. For example, the General Rules for the Preparation of Pharmacological Standards for Land and Medicine is based on the research results of more than ten years of authentic medicinal materials, organized by the Standardization Office of the Chinese Medicine Association, as the first batch of group standard pilot projects of the National Standards Committee and the China Association for Science and Technology. Efficient development, will be released in the near future; will cooperate with China Traditional Chinese Medicine News to establish a promotion platform, on the basis of this general rule, release a series of standards related to local medicinal materials; at the same time, jointly establish relevant third-party testing platform with relevant enterprises and research units. , the application of the standard of protection.
In order to ensure the implementation of the standard, Tang Xudong, president of Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, combined with the current status of TCM standardization work and the orientation of the standardization office, put forward three suggestions: First, comb the original standardization system of the National Bureau, establish a strategic framework, and clearly develop The second is the combination of the development of the standard and the certification and recognition, to ensure the implementation of the application, to improve the influence of the group; the third is to avoid standard disorderly competition, leading to chaos.
Xiao Xiaohe, director of the All-China Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Institute, believes that the "Planning Outline" covers a wide range of Chinese medicine standards. It should pay attention to distinguishing between primary and secondary, and organizing development and implementation in batches. It is recommended to solve key industry problems, fill the gaps in industry blanks, strengthen the combination of standards development and certification, highlight the value of third parties, and promote standard applications and brand building.
Hua Baojin, deputy director of Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, proposed group standard classification management. The first category is public welfare standards. It can be funded by government-funded methods to maintain the continuity and extensibility of the work. The other category is non-profit standards, which can be built into industry-recognized standards by integrating social resources, industry-university-research collaboration and innovation. At the same time, it is recommended to strengthen the research and formulation of the standard of treatment of Chinese medicine.
Lin Qian, deputy director of the Oriental Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, believes that the development of Chinese medicine name and diagnostic criteria is the basis of the current standardization of Chinese medicine, and it is the most important. It is recommended that the Chinese Medicine Association of China gather industry experts to rationally apply modern diagnostics and big data analysis techniques to standardize the name and diagnosis of Chinese medicine as soon as possible.
Guo Lanping, deputy director of the Chinese Medicine Resource Center of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, suggested that the "Planning Outline" should be used as a guide and in accordance with the spirit of "government guidance and market leadership", fully mobilize social forces, work together, and open the door to standards. Strengthen the training, publicity and guidance of standards-related knowledge to improve the standardization awareness and ability of experts, entrepreneurs and related scientific research institutions in the field of Chinese medicine. The Standardization Office of the Chinese Medicine Association of China should seize the opportunity of piloting and build a platform for the development of industry standards and form an industry influence.
Yang Hongjun, a researcher at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, believes that large varieties of traditional Chinese medicine are the starting point for the implementation of the spirit of the "Planning Outline", a carrier of standardization, and a hub for promoting the development of Chinese medicine-related fields. In response to standard work, he suggested: First, implement the three-product strategy: increase standard varieties, improve standard quality, establish standard brands; second, strengthen the transformation of high-quality research results to standards; third, integrate resources, build platforms, and promote standard application and promotion.
The Wanyan planning book will help the standardization of Chinese medicine to set sail. The standardization of Chinese medicine is the trend and trend of the times, and will further expand the influence of Chinese medicine in the world, showing the solid theoretical foundation laid by Chinese medicine for thousands of years, and The ability to serve the health of the people of the world.