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Wang Guoqiang: Promoting the development of Chinese medicine with new ideas
Introduction: On August 18th, the member of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, deputy director, secretary of the Party Committee of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Wang Guoqiang published a signed article in the first edition of the Central Party School's "Learning Times" to promote the development of Chinese medicine with a new concept. The article points out that Chinese medicine can do a great job in economic and social development. "The fast lane for Chinese medicine to enter development" is the most prominent feature of Chinese medicine work since the 18th National Congress. We must conscientiously follow the new development concept as a baton. The following is the full text of the article.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary has attached great importance to the work of Chinese medicine. General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions on the work of Chinese medicine on many occasions. In the congratulatory letter to the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, he pointed out: "The revitalization and development of Chinese medicine ushers in a good time for good times, good interests and people." The precious wealth left by our ancestors is inherited, developed and utilized well. This is the scientific judgment and profound exposition of the historical position of Chinese medicine, and it has set new goals and targets for promoting the reform and development of Chinese medicine at the new historical starting point. The new requirements of the task are the fundamental follow-up that must be adhered to for a long time in the work of Chinese medicine. We must focus on transforming into new ideas, new methods and new impetus to promote the development of Chinese medicine.
Chinese medicine can make a big difference in economic and social development
As a unique health resource, huge economic resources, scientific and technological resources with original advantages, excellent cultural resources and important ecological resources, Chinese medicine has important significance in the overall situation of economic and social development.
Traditional Chinese medicine can do a great job in building a healthy China. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that without the health of the whole people, there would be no comprehensive well-off. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made a strategic plan of "promoting healthy China's construction", which reflected the party's ruling philosophy of putting people first and benefiting the people. With the rapid development of China's economy and society and deepening the deepening of medical reform, the people's demand for health services has shown a rapid growth trend, eager to enjoy comprehensive and multi-link Chinese medicine health services. As a unique health resource in China, traditional Chinese medicine integrates disease prevention and treatment, health care and health care. It has the characteristics of clinical curative effect, unique preventive health care, flexible treatment, and low cost. It can be a different stage of the whole life cycle. Providing health services is in line with public health and basic medical services. Promoting the revitalization and development of Chinese medicine will help improve the fairness and accessibility of medical and health services, control medical expenses, improve people's health and well-being, and establish medical insurance with Chinese characteristics that the government can afford, the people can afford, the financial sustainability guarantees, and both Chinese and Western medicine pay equal attention. Institutional and health and health development models.
Traditional Chinese medicine can make a difference in the new normal of service economic development. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the remarkable feature of China's economic development was to enter the new normal. To adapt to the new normal of economic development, the key is to grasp the core and key of development power transformation. As a huge economic resource with potential, a scientific and technological resource with original advantages, and an important ecological resource, traditional Chinese medicine has the characteristics of wide coverage, long industrial chain and green ecology. It runs through Chinese herbal medicine cultivation, medicine and medical device manufacturing, and traditional Chinese medicine health services. The second, third and third industries have strong employability and stimulate consumption. The development of the Chinese medicine industry will help to enhance the core competitiveness of the pharmaceutical industry, expand service supply, innovate service models, increase consumption power, increase farmers' income, promote mass entrepreneurship and innovation, and inject new impetus into economic development.
Chinese medicine can do a great job in serving the “One Belt, One Road” strategy. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that Chinese medicine is the key to opening the treasure house of Chinese civilization. The General Secretary made a series of important instructions on the overseas development of Chinese medicine. During the visit, he negotiated with the Czech and Kyrgyzstan heads of state to deepen the cooperation of Chinese medicine, witness the signing of cooperation documents on Chinese medicine, and promote the Chinese medicine to the world. As an excellent cultural resource, Chinese medicine is full of the essence of Chinese traditional culture and has become the main carrier of the world to understand, understand and learn Chinese culture. Promoting the overseas development of Chinese medicine will help promote the Chinese traditional culture to “go global”, promote cultural exchanges between China and the countries along the “Belt and Road”, communicate with the people, tell the story of Chinese medicine, tell the story of China, and show the charm of Chinese civilization. The vitality of contemporary China.
"The fast lane of Chinese medicine entering the development" is the most prominent feature of Chinese medicine work since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the work of Chinese medicine has closely focused on the overall development of the party and the country and the work of the center, to identify the development orientation, and actively integrate into the overall layout of the "five in one", to achieve good, maintain and develop the health rights and interests of the people. As the starting point and the foothold of the work, we will promote the work in a coordinated manner and significantly increase the contribution rate and display of economic and social development.
The development environment is more optimized. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward "strongly support the development of Chinese medicine and ethnic medicine". The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee called for "improving the development policies and mechanisms for the development of Chinese medicine". The Fifth Plenary Session stressed that "they adhere to the emphasis on both Chinese and Western medicine and promote Chinese medicine and ethnic medicine. "Development", "Outline of Chinese Medicine Development Strategy Plan (2016-2030)", "Chinese Medicine Health Service Development Plan (2015-2020)" and other important plans are intensively introduced, and the development of Chinese medicine has risen to a national strategy and policy. powerful.
The development pattern is more reasonable. Constantly stimulating and releasing the potential and vitality of traditional Chinese medicine as a “five kinds of resources”, forming a comprehensive development of the “six-in-one” of medical care, health care, scientific research, education, industry and culture, and the coordinated development of Chinese medicine, integrated Chinese and Western medicine and national medicine. pattern.
The service system is gradually improving. We will carry out standardization construction of Chinese medicine hospitals, implement grassroots Chinese medicine service capacity improvement projects, accelerate the development of social management of Chinese medicine, and the total amount of Chinese medicine medical resources continues to increase, especially the rapid development of grassroots Chinese medicine service networks. By the end of 2015, there were 3267 Chinese medicine hospitals, 446 Chinese and Western medicine hospitals, 253 national hospitals, 1640 Chinese medicine clinics and 40,888 Chinese medicine clinics; 40,000 Chinese medicine institutions and nearly 60,000 beds; The National Community Health Service Center and the Township Health Center have built more than 20,000 Chinese Medicine Comprehensive Service Areas (Chinese Medicine Center, National Medical Center).
The talent team has been significantly strengthened. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the selection of the second session of the 30th National Master of Medicine, the establishment of 60 Chinese medicine masters inheritance studio, the construction of 956 national traditional Chinese medicine experts inheritance studio, Chinese medicine genre inheritance studio 64, built 471 key disciplines of Chinese medicine have trained more than 2,300 Chinese medicine subject (back-up) leaders. College education, post-graduate education, teacher education, and continuing education are coordinated.
Inheritance and innovation have achieved remarkable results. The Tu Yu Researcher won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2015, achieving a breakthrough in the award of Nobel Prize for Chinese native scientists. A clinical scientific research system with 16 national TCM clinical research bases as the key platform was established. The evidence-based basis for the prevention and treatment of 14 major diseases of traditional Chinese medicine was established, and a new model of clinical research integration in line with the development of traditional Chinese medicine was established. A number of national engineering (technical) research centers, engineering laboratories and enterprise technology centers have been built.
Cultural communication carriers are constantly enriched. The “Traditional Chinese Medicine Chinese Medicine – Entering the Rural Areas, Entering the Community and Entering the Family” campaign was launched, and more than 300 national and provincial Chinese medicine culture publicity and education bases were established, and a team of Chinese medicine culture science experts was established to release “China”. Citizens' TCM Health and Wellness Literacy, "Basic Contents of Chinese Medicine for Health Education", has developed a number of cultural science works in various forms. "The Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic" "Compendium of Materia Medica" was successfully selected into the Memory of the World.
The development space is more open. Promoting the overseas development of Chinese medicine, serving the country's “One Belt, One Road” strategy, and the China-Jeux China Medicine Center jointly established with the Czech government is the first health cooperation project of “One Belt, One Road” in China. Traditional Chinese medicine has spread to 183 countries and regions. There are 86 Chinese medicine cooperation agreements with foreign governments and international organizations. Nine countries along the “Belt and Road” have established Chinese medicine centers and 7 Chinese medicine practitioners. Confucius Institutes, Chinese medicine is becoming an important resource for serving the country's diplomatic strategy.
The development effect is more remarkable. Mainly reflected in two aspects: serving the general health, as of the end of 2014, 91.2% of community health service centers, 80.2% of township health centers, 70.7% of community health service stations and 64.9% of village clinics can provide Chinese medicine services The accessibility and availability of Chinese medicine were significantly enhanced; the total number of consultations in Chinese medicine hospitals was 530 million, accounting for 17.9% of the total number of hospital visits, and the total number of hospitals discharged from Chinese medicine hospitals was 22.271 million, accounting for 14.5% of the total number of hospital discharges. The average cost of outpatient services and the per capita hospitalization expenses were 12% and 24% lower than those of general hospitals. Traditional Chinese medicine has achieved higher returns at a lower cost, amplifying the effect of medical reform and benefiting the people, and played an indispensable role in exploring the "Chinese-style solution" for medical reform. In terms of promoting economic development, in 2014, the total output value of the Chinese medicine industry exceeded 730 billion yuan, accounting for nearly one-third of the total value of China's pharmaceutical industry, and the import and export volume reached 4.63 billion US dollars. A batch of traditional Chinese medicine products with independent intellectual property rights have been developed, and the annual sales of five large varieties of Chinese medicines are all over 3 billion yuan. Promote the standardization, large-scale and intensive cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines. There are more than 200 kinds of commonly used large-scale Chinese herbal medicines in the country to achieve large-scale planting, planting area of more than 30 million mu, driving local farmers to increase income and green economy development, and promote ecological restoration. The development of the Chinese medicine health industry, the convergence of traditional Chinese medicine, pension and tourism has become more prominent. A large number of new products and new formats that adapt to the market have become new growth points and new impetus for economic development.
We are also clearly aware that there are still many difficulties and problems in the development of Chinese medicine. First, the layout and structure of Chinese medicine service resources still need to be adjusted quickly. The service capacity, especially the basic Chinese medicine service capacity, needs to be improved. Second, the driving force for inheriting innovation to the development of the cause is still not strong, and it is necessary to make great efforts to climb the medical peak. Third, there is a shortage of high-level talents in Chinese medicine and insufficient grassroots talents. It is also necessary to speed up the construction of a talent team that is compatible with the development of the cause. Fourth, there is still a big gap between the governance system and governance capacity and the requirements for the revitalization and development of Chinese medicine. It is also necessary to speed up the improvement of policy mechanisms and enhance our ability.
Consciously follow the new development concept of this baton
To plan for the development of the "13th Five-Year Plan", we must firmly establish the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, carry out scientific design and construction for implementing the new development concept, and promote the new development concept with the reform method and the rule of law. The medical system has taken root and become a common practice.
Adhere to innovation and development, and put innovation in the core position of the Chinese medicine system. Highlight the core of innovation, and constantly improve and enrich the working mechanism of “holistic thinking, system operation, interaction, six-in-one, overall coordination, scientific development” to promote Chinese medicine system innovation, technological innovation and service innovation. In terms of institutional innovation, we will continue to promote the modernization of governance systems and governance capabilities by fully improving the policies and mechanisms for the development of Chinese medicine, fully stimulating the potential and vitality of the development of Chinese medicine, and fully transforming them into concrete measures for people to share development results. In terms of scientific and technological innovation, with the premise of inheriting, following and grasping the characteristics and laws of traditional Chinese medicine, focusing on improving the ability of innovation and development, and building a new innovative system as the carrier, bravely climbing the medical peak, promoting the modernization of Chinese medicine, and achieving innovation-driven development, Increase the contribution rate to economic and social development. In terms of service innovation, we will focus on the goal of building a healthy China, and strive to promote supply-side structural reforms, foster new forms of Chinese medicine health services, create new supplies, guide new demands, build a Chinese medicine health service system, and improve service models. Explore the establishment of a new type of Chinese medicine health service protection model that covers the whole life cycle, integrates health culture, health management and health insurance.
Adhere to coordinated development and continuously enhance the integrity of development. Firmly grasp the overall layout of the development of Chinese medicine, identify the current "short board", adjust the relationship, and achieve coordinated development. Efforts will be made to promote the simultaneous development of Chinese medicine, health care, scientific research, education, industry and culture, promote the coordinated development of traditional Chinese medicine, ethnic medicine and integration of Chinese and Western medicine, and promote the coordinated development of Chinese medicine in urban and rural areas. Properly handle the relationship between inheritance and innovation, handle the relationship between maintaining characteristic advantages and using modern science and technology, handle the relationship between medical and health services, handle the relationship between public Chinese medicine hospitals and social Chinese medicine practitioners, and handle the improvement of industry ability and humanities. The relationship between literacy and cultivation. Focus on improving the overall effect of development and promoting the coordinated development of Chinese medicine and economic and social development.
Adhere to green development and actively integrate into the construction of beautiful China. Vigorously promote the "harmony between man and nature, heaven and earth" and the idea of respecting nature and adapting to nature, and adhere to green and healthy development. On the one hand, vigorously promote and develop non-drug therapies such as acupuncture, massage, and scraping, reduce the negative impact of drugs, save resources, and reduce costs. On the other hand, comprehensively implement the “Chinese Herbal Medicine Protection and Development Plan (2015-2020)”, strengthen the protection and rational use of Chinese medicine resources, promote the standardization, scale and intensive cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, and promote the Jinshan Yinshan while promoting Ecological restoration, build a biodiversity conservation network, build an ecological barrier, and return to the green mountains and green waters.
Adhere to open development and accelerate the development of Chinese medicine overseas. Put the overseas development of Chinese medicine in the “One Belt, One Road” strategy and other national openness plans, and follow the trend of Chinese medicine being gradually integrated into the mainstream medical system of relevant countries, adhere to openness, tolerance, mutual benefit and win-win, and strengthen the top-level design of Chinese medicine overseas development. Accelerate to go out and serve China's open economy development and public diplomacy. Deeply participate in the formulation of international rules and standards, promote the reform and improvement of the global traditional medicine governance system, and grasp the initiative. Be good at learning and absorbing advanced scientific and technological achievements, integrating global innovation resources, and accelerating the development of Chinese medicine theory and practice.
Adhere to shared development and vigorously enhance the service capacity and level of Chinese medicine. Adhere to the promotion of the health and well-being of the people as the starting point and the foothold of the development of Chinese medicine, and better serve the construction of healthy China. By expanding service areas, improving service structure, strengthening service functions, improving service effectiveness, and developing a healthy industry, we will focus on improving the accessibility and coverage of Chinese medicine services, and strive to enhance the capacity and level of Chinese medicine services so that the people have more Get a sense of it. Promote the participation of Chinese medicine in the construction of the world health system, and let the people of more countries share the fruits of traditional medicine development including Chinese medicine.
Accelerate the promotion of the development of Chinese medicine
To promote the revitalization and development of Chinese medicine, we must fully implement the spirit of the Party's 18th and 18th Central Committee, the Fourth Middle School, and the Fifth Plenary Session, and implement the spirit of the inaugural General Secretary General Ping Ping's series of important speeches and the important guiding spirit of the central leading comrades. Taking Chinese medicine in good success, developing well, and making good use of development tasks, with the theme of promoting inheritance and innovation, focusing on improving the development level of Chinese medicine, and aiming at promoting and safeguarding the health of the people, we will accelerate the formation of a system to promote the development of Chinese medicine. The mechanism will write a new chapter in the great journey of building a healthy China and realizing the Chinese dream.
Effectively improve the health service level of Chinese medicine. We will promote the deepening of medical reform and the work of Chinese medicine, accelerate the structural reform of the supply side of Chinese medicine services, promote "Internet + Chinese medicine", and improve the network of Chinese medicine medical services covering urban and rural areas. Carry out the TCM clinical advantage cultivation project, implement the “13th Five-Year Plan” action plan for the promotion of grassroots Chinese medicine service capacity, and promote