On the afternoon of December 25, the 25th meeting of the 12th National People's Congress Standing Committee was closed in Beijing. The meeting passed the "Chinese Medicine Law of the People's Republic of China", which will be officially implemented on July 1, 2017. At the subsequent press conference, Huang Wei, deputy director of the Administrative Law Office of the Legal Affairs Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, explained to reporters the five highlights and significance of the Chinese medicine law.
Five highlights of the Chinese medicine law: insist on support and standardization
Huang Wei said that Chinese medicine is a medical science that is gradually formed and enriched and developed in the struggle of long-term production and life and disease in China. It is a gem of the Chinese nation and a feature and advantage of China's medical and health system. The adoption of the Chinese medicine industry has a milestone significance.
The Chinese Medicine Law has five highlights: First, it clarifies the important position and development policy of the Chinese medicine industry. The Chinese Medicine Law stipulates that the Chinese medicine industry is an important part of China's medical and health undertakings. The state vigorously develops the Chinese medicine industry and implements the principle of paying equal attention to both Chinese and Western medicine. The development of Chinese medicine should follow the law of the development of Chinese medicine, adhere to the combination of inheritance and innovation, and maintain and exert the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine. The state encourages Chinese medicine practitioners to learn from each other, complement each other, coordinate development, and give full play to their respective advantages to promote the integration of Chinese and Western medicine.
Second, establish a management system that is consistent with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine is a medical system that reflects the Chinese nation's understanding of life, health and disease, has a long history and unique theory and technical methods. Because Chinese medicine has distinctive characteristics, it is necessary to establish a management system that conforms to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. The Chinese Medicine Law has reformed and innovated the existing management system in many aspects such as Chinese medicine clinics, Chinese medicine practitioners' access, and Chinese medicine management. It has stipulated a management system that adapts to the development of Chinese medicine and conforms to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, including the establishment of Chinese medicine clinics. Licensing management has been changed to record management. It is stipulated that Chinese medicine practitioners who have studied in a teacher-study manner and who have practiced for many years, who have expertise in medical skills, can obtain the qualifications of Chinese medicine practitioners after passing the practical skills and effect examinations. Medical institutions are allowed to make prescriptions according to clinical needs. There are no Chinese herbal medicines on the supply, or reprocessing of Chinese herbal medicines. For the medical institutions, only the traditional Chinese medicine preparations prepared by the traditional process and the entrusted preparation of traditional Chinese medicine preparations are changed from the current license management to the record management. At the same time, it is clear that the traditional Chinese medicine compound preparations originating from the ancient classics in accordance with the conditions stipulated by the state can only provide non-clinical safety research materials when applying for the drug approval number.
Third, increase support for the Chinese medicine industry. China's traditional Chinese medicine industry has made remarkable achievements in its development. However, compared with the demand for Chinese medicine services of the people, the total amount of Chinese medicine resources is still insufficient, and the service capacity of Chinese medicine is still weak. To this end, the Chinese Medicine Law further strengthens the support for the Chinese medicine industry, including clarifying that the government at or above the county level should incorporate the Chinese medicine industry into the national economic and social development plan, establish and improve the Chinese medicine management system, and incorporate the development funds for the Chinese medicine industry. The budget will provide policy support and conditional guarantee for the development of Chinese medicine, and promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine. The construction of Chinese medical institutions should be included in the planning of medical institutions, and appropriate Chinese medical institutions should be organized to support the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine. Development of medical institutions; reasonable determination of the fees and standards for Chinese medical services, and the inclusion of qualified Chinese medical institutions and Chinese medicine projects in the scope of medical insurance designated institutions and medical insurance payment. At the same time, the development of Chinese medicine education, strengthen the scientific research of Chinese medicine, promote the inheritance of Chinese medicine and cultural communication. In addition, it is also clear that the state has taken measures to increase support for the inheritance, application development and talent cultivation of ethnic minority medicines.
Fourth, we must adhere to both support and regulation, and strengthen supervision over Chinese medicine. In response to the non-standardized services in the Chinese medicine industry and the decline in the quality of Chinese herbal medicines, the Chinese Medicine Law has made targeted regulations, including the explicit implementation of Chinese medicine services, which should meet the basic requirements of Chinese medicine services, and strengthen the management of medical advertisements for Chinese medicine; Clarify the state to formulate technical specifications and standards for the cultivation, collection, storage and primary processing of Chinese herbal medicines, strengthen the quality supervision and management of the whole process of Chinese herbal medicine production and circulation, and ensure the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. Strengthen the quality monitoring of Chinese herbal medicines, establish a Chinese medicine material circulation traceability system and a purchase inspection record system. Encourage the development of standardized cultivation and cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, strictly manage the use of agricultural inputs, and prohibit the use of highly toxic and highly toxic pesticides in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.
Fifth, increase penalties for violations of Chinese medicine. It stipulates clear legal responsibilities for illegal behaviors such as Chinese medicine clinics and Chinese medicine practitioners illegally practicing, illegally brewing traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, illegally preparing Chinese medicine preparations, and illegally publishing Chinese medical advertisements, especially for the use of highly toxic and high-quality Chinese herbal medicines. The illegal acts of poisonous pesticides clarify the severe punishment: in addition to the punishment according to the relevant laws and regulations, if the circumstances are serious, the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel may be detained for more than five days and fifteen days. We will increase the punishment for the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines and ensure the safety of the people.
The significance of the Chinese medicine law: strengthening the soft power of Chinese culture
Huang Wei pointed out that the important significance of the adoption of the Chinese Medicine Law is reflected in three aspects: First, the formulation of the Chinese Medicine Law is of great significance for the inheritance and promotion of Chinese medicine and the promotion of the healthy development of Chinese medicine. The Chinese Medicine Law has carried out institutional innovation in the management of Chinese medicine, built a management system that conforms to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, increased the government's support for the support of Chinese medicine, and vigorously supported the development of Chinese medicine, while insisting on equal emphasis on support and regulation. The supervision of Chinese medicine, the protection of Chinese medicine medical services and the quality and safety of traditional Chinese medicine are of great significance for the inheritance and promotion of Chinese medicine and the promotion of the healthy development of Chinese medicine.
Second, the formulation of the Chinese Medicine Law is of great significance for deepening the reform of the medical and health system and promoting the building of a healthy China. At present, China is continuously deepening the reform of the medical and health system, laying a solid foundation for promoting the building of a healthy China and building a well-off society in an all-round way. Traditional Chinese medicine has a definite clinical curative effect, unique preventive and health care effects, flexible treatment methods, and relatively low cost. Especially with changes in health concepts and changes in medical models, Chinese medicine has increasingly shown its unique advantages and plays a role in health and health work in China. More and more important role. The formulation of the Chinese Medicine Law to protect and promote the development of the Chinese medicine industry in accordance with the law is of great significance for deepening the reform of the medical and health system and promoting the building of a healthy China.
Third, the formulation of the Chinese Medicine Law plays an important role in promoting the international spread and application of Chinese medicine and enhancing the soft power of Chinese culture. Traditional Chinese medicine is a valuable asset of Chinese culture and medicine, and it is also a unique contribution of the Chinese nation to the world. The influence of formulating Chinese medicine law is not only domestic but also the world, and it is a Chinese program to solve the world medical reform problem. The promulgation and implementation of the Chinese Medicine Law will help enhance the international influence of Chinese medicine, expand the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine, strengthen the soft power of Chinese culture, and adapt to the needs of the "going out" strategy.