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Chinese medicine highlights of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up 修改翻译结果

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Key words: ISO promulgated the first standard of traditional Chinese medicine; tu youyou won the Nobel Prize; congratulatory letter from general secretary xi jinpingSince the 18th national congress of the communist party of China (CPC), the CPC central committee with comrade xi jinping as the core has placed TCM at an important position in the national development strategy. In 2015, general secretary xi jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine, which pushed the development of traditional Chinese medicine to a climax.(1) in February 2014, the international organization for standardization (ISO) promulgated the first Chinese medicine standard -- disposable sterile acupuncture needle standard.(2) on October 5, 2015, tu youyou, a researcher at the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine, won the 2015 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Li sent a letter of congratulations to the state administration of traditional Chinese medicine.(3) on December 18, 2015, general secretary xi jinping sent a letter to congratulate the 60th anniversary of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine. On December 22, the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine held the 60th anniversary conference.(1) historical statementThe first step in the international standard of traditional Chinese medicine: ISO promulgated the first standard of traditional Chinese medicineAt 10:00 am on February 25, 2014, the press conference of ISO international standard on disposable sterile acupuncture needles was held in guangxi mansion, Beijing. Shen yuandong, secretary-general of ISO/TC249 and professor of Shanghai university of traditional Chinese medicine, said at the press conference that this is the first international ISO standard to be issued in the field of traditional medicine.ISO is the largest and most authoritative non-governmental international organization for standardization in the world.In 2009, China submitted an application to ISO for the establishment of a technical committee on standardization of traditional Chinese medicine, which was approved at the 46th meeting of the technical management bureau in September of the same year. ISO/TC249 is the code name of the technical committee on standardization of traditional Chinese medicine.But even before the establishment of the technical committee on standardization of traditional Chinese medicine, proposals for international standards on acupuncture and moxibustion had been rejected.In 2008, the standardization administration of China organized relevant departments and units to hold a working meeting on accelerating the formulation of international standards for acupuncture and moxibustion needles, with suzhou medical supplies factory co., ltd. as the drafting unit to carry out specific work.Xu aimin, deputy general manager of suzhou medical supplies factory, recalled, "the first problem we faced was which standardization technical committee of ISO was in charge of acupuncture needles?" For two years, the proposal failed. "During the past two years, we both fought for the bid right of the international standards of acupuncture and moxibustion societies to the world federation of acupuncture and moxibustion societies, and submitted proposals to different technical committees of ISO.The turning point was the 31st ISO conference in 2008, when China officially became a permanent member of the ISO security council. The historic breakthrough offers hope for the stalled needle standards.After the establishment of the technical committee on standardization of traditional Chinese medicine in 2009, the first proposal accepted was the formulation of international standards for acupuncture and moxibustion.In May 2011, at the second plenary meeting of ISO/TC249 held in the Hague, the Netherlands, it was decided to establish the ISO standard working group on acupuncture needles. In July of the same year, the proposal of acupuncture needle project was officially approved.But the beginning is hard. Since this is the first ISO standard in the field of TCM, "first" means that the staff involved in the development of the standards have to work together with experts from 13 countries without any experience to draw on. No matter in international communication, support or in the way of work, management cooperation and other aspects, we must learn from experience and lessons to constantly summarize the law.Convener of the working party Huang Longxiang later said: "almost all the experts is the first time to do the ISO standard, also need to the relevant rules and procedures for study, research, most experts because is the first time cooperation, but also cultivate the tacit understanding, and build trust, the experts and scholars of different countries to the common standards, need to overcome cultural differences." In his summary, cao Yang, chairman of suzhou medical supplies co., LTD., said, "after the approval of the project, we had to change our status quickly and actively coordinate the opinions of different countries from an international standpoint so that the project could proceed smoothly."The work of international standard formulation has gone through 7 stages, including pre-stage, proposal, preparation, committee discussion, inquiry, approval and publication. The project team has received 259 opinions from experts from 249 member countries of the technical committee of the international standardization organization."Every opinion has been analysed and validated countless times, word for word. Even if it is a seemingly insignificant indicator, technicians have conducted hundreds or even thousands of tests and repeated arguments, and finally obtained the indicator requirements through data testing. "Said xu aimin.On February 3, 2014, the international standard ISO17218:2014 disposable sterile acupuncture needles was officially published through repeated tests and demonstrations, and the standard formulation was completed. This is five months earlier than the ISO standard of 36 months. This standard puts forward standardization requirements on the materials, diameter and length, hardness and elasticity, needle puncture force, sterilization, product packaging, label, storage and transportation of disposable sterile acupuncture needles."With this standard, the quality of acupuncture services will improve significantly. The production of acupuncture needles has been transformed from a workshop to a large-scale one, and in the future, it can also achieve intelligent unmanned production. At the same time, the unification of international standards is conducive to the international trade of acupuncture needles and of great significance to the international spread of acupuncture and moxibustion as well as traditional Chinese medicine culture. Zhao hong, director of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture hospital.Today, the global use of acupuncture needles has grown rapidly from about 3.5 billion at the beginning of the proposal to about 6 billion today, and is growing at a rate of 5 to 10 percent per year. Behind the rapid development, the contribution of international standards of acupuncture and moxibustion should not be underestimated.(2) historical statementArtemisia annua: tu youyou wins Nobel PrizeAt present, about 3.2 billion people around the world are still at risk of malaria infection caused by plasmodium malaria every year, and Chinese scientist tu youyou has made outstanding contributions to the history of human anti-malaria.Tu youyou, a researcher at the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine, was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine at 17:30 Beijing time on October 5 for her discovery of a new treatment for malaria.This is the first time that Chinese scientists have won the Nobel Prize for science for their scientific research in China. It is the highest award that Chinese medicine has received so far, and also the highest award for the achievements of traditional Chinese medicine."Well, you feed on wild artemisia. I have a guest, DE Yin kong zhao." When tu youyou was born on December 30, 1930, her parents chose the word "youyou" from "the book of songs, xiaoya, and the rumbling of deer" to express their beautiful expectations for her.In 1951, tu youyou began her study in the department of pharmacology, Peking University school of medicine. In her university courses, she showed great interest in phytochemistry, herbology and plant taxonomy.In 1955, tu youyou was assigned to work in the institute of traditional Chinese medicine (now the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine) of the ministry of health, which started her relationship with traditional Chinese medicine.From 1959 to 1962, tu youyou participated in the "study class of traditional Chinese medicine for leaving the post of western medicine" held by the ministry of health. Three years' learning experience in traditional Chinese medicine has opened a broader research horizon for tu youyou. She once wrote in the book the cause of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine: "over 40 years, with the knowledge of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine, she has successively engaged in the research of traditional Chinese medicine in the fields of raw medicine, processing and chemistry.By the 1960s, the malaria parasite had developed resistance to quinine drugs. In China, there were also large-scale outbreaks of malaria in the 1960s and early 1970s, when the national "523" mission was launched, covering most areas of malaria control. In 1969, tu youyou was appointed as the leader of the research group of "523" project of the institute of traditional Chinese medicine.At that time, the United States, Britain, France and other countries invested a lot of human and material resources in the search for new antimalarial drugs. The United States spent $450 million to screen 214,000 compounds, but no major progress has been made.Without cutting-edge research equipment and abundant research funds, tu youyou and her team began the research process of antimalarial medicine. From January to April 1969, tu youyou collected more than 2,000 prescriptions and sorted out a single set of 640 malaria prescriptions. After numerous failures, tu youyou made artemisinin her breakthrough focus in 1971.However, artemisia annua (artemisia annua), which has been mentioned many times in traditional Chinese medicine, did not perform well in the experiment, with the lowest inhibition rate of malaria being only 12%.Tu youyou read the ancient Chinese medicine books again, until ge hong of the eastern jin dynasty wrote in "the urgent remedy for cubital reserve" that "artemisia annul should be held in one hand, soaked with two liters of water, wrung out the juice, and swallowed it completely". Inspired her. Tu realized that temperature might be the key to retaining the active ingredient in artemisia annua. She immediately switched to ether, which has a lower boiling point. On October 7, 1971, the experimental results of sample no. 191 after improving the extraction method showed that the inhibition rate reached 100%.In order to get the clinical verification as soon as possible, tu youyou and several members of the "523" research group tried the drug in person, made continuous experiments and improvements, and finally a new generation of antimalarial drug, artemisinin, was born.In December 2015, the world health organization released a report confirming that artemisinin-based combination therapies and other preventive and control measures have prevented more than 6 million deaths from malaria since 2000."It can be said that this is a special scientific research work under specific historical conditions. This achievement of scientific research and this honor is a precious spiritual treasure that the people will always remember and history will always remember. Chen zhu, vice chairman of the standing committee of the National People's Congress, said when meeting with tu youyou.Zhang boli, an academician of the Chinese academy of engineering, said, "teacher tu's Nobel Prize has boosted the confidence of the Chinese people, especially in science and technology."Wang jian, President of anhui university of traditional Chinese medicine, said, "tu's award has boosted the confidence of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine is the crystallization of thousands of years of practical experience and wisdom of the Chinese nation. Traditional Chinese medicine is both traditional and modern, both Chinese and world.But tu youyou, 88, and her team have not stopped there. Tu youyou once said in an interview after she won the prize, "we are not just winning the prize for the sake of winning it, but actually giving something to make artemisinin better serve human health.""Make artemisinin thoroughly." "Tu youyou said. At present, tu youyou and her team are studying the antimalarial mechanism of artemisinin. Scientists at the Chinese academy of Chinese medical sciences are studying how to combat signs that the malaria parasite is becoming resistant to artemisinin.The research and exploration of artemisinin have opened up a new model for the innovative development of traditional Chinese medicine. "This is not the only way. There are many ways to develop and innovate TCM. Now, the state strongly advocates the further development of TCM, and we must make it better. "Tu youyou said.(3) historical statementDeveloping TCM with confidence: congratulatory letter from general secretary xi jinpingIn 1955, the Chinese medicine research institute of the ministry of health was established. In 1971, the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine merged with the Beijing institute of traditional Chinese medicine and was renamed the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine. In December 2005, it was renamed the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine.Since the foundation of China academy of traditional Chinese medicine, the new generation, committed to research, has led to the disciplines of traditional Chinese medicine, combined Chinese and western medicine, acupuncture, progress, has now become the world's largest national research center, traditional medicine in the prevention and control of major diseases, the respect such as development of new drug of TCM research have made great achievements, the development of ACTS on behalf of a number of major achievements, in traditional Chinese medicine scientific research, teaching, great achievements have been made in technical services, etc.In December 2015, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine, general secretary xi jinping sent a letter of congratulations to the comrades who have been fighting in the field of traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. Li keqiang, member of the standing committee of the political bureau of the CPC central committee and premier of the state council, expressed congratulations on the announcement. Liu yandong, then member of the political bureau of the CPC central committee and vice premier of the state council, attended the 60th anniversary conference of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine and made an important speech.The full text of the congratulatory letter from general secretary xi jinping is as follows:On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine, I would like to extend, on behalf of the CPC central committee and the state council, warm congratulations! I would like to extend my sincere greetings to the comrades who have been fighting in the field of traditional Chinese medicine for a long time.Over the past 60 years, the Chinese academy of traditional Chinese medicine (cas) has forged ahead and achieved fruitful results in scientific research, medical services, personnel training and international exchanges. Dr. Tu youyou, as the representative of generations of TCM talents, has made great contributions to the development of TCM and human health through her hard work and contributions.TCM is the treasure of ancient Chinese science and the key to the treasure house of Chinese civilization. At present, the revitalization of the development of Chinese medicine in good time, geographical and human conditions, hope the broad masses of workers to enhance the national self-confidence of Chinese medicine, medical peak bravely, further exploring in the treasure house of Chinese medicine essence, give full play to the unique advantages of Chinese medicine, promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, TCM to the world, and leave the ancestors of Chinese medicine to our precious wealth inheritance and development of good, make good use of, in the construction of health in China, on the way to realize China's dream of the great compose a new chapter.The congratulatory letter from general secretary xi jinping has set new coordinates, pointed out new directions, defined new tasks and put forward new requirements for the development of traditional Chinese medicine, provided fundamental guidance for the healthy development of traditional Chinese medicine, and is a program of action guiding the new practice of the development of traditional Chinese medicine.Xi jinping, general secretary of congratulations on the history position and the height of the nation, from the overall interests of the party and the state development, function and practical significance, this paper expounds the status of traditional Chinese medicine fully recognized for outstanding contributions to the economic and social development of traditional Chinese medicine and the outstanding achievements, the revitalization of the development of traditional Chinese medicine, China to build health and realize China's dream to make new contribution to the hope and the specific requirements, the system of Chinese medicine cause strong repercussions, cheered, traditional Chinese medicine industry to further enhance the confidence and determination to the revitalization of development of Chinese medicine.