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We will promote the inheritance, innovation, and application of ethnic minority medicine
Minority medicine is an important part of China's medical and health undertakings, at no time should be biased. We need to pass on the traditional medicine of ethnic minorities from generation to generation, so as to enhance human health.At the recent 13th regular session of the intergovernmental committee for the protection of intangible cultural heritage, "Tibetan medicine bath law -- knowledge and practice on life, health and disease prevention and control of Tibetan people in China" declared by China was included in the UNESCO representative list of intangible cultural heritage.Tibetan medicine bath method, known in Tibetan as "long mu", mainly through bathing in natural hot springs or medicine boiled water or steam, regulate the balance of body and mind, to achieve the purpose of prevention and treatment of diseases. One is the "five kinds of hot spring" bath method based on minerals, and the other is the "five kinds of sweet dew" bath method based on five kinds of plant medicinal materials.Tibetan medicine is a shining pearl in the treasure house of Chinese medicine. Tibetan bath successfully applied for the world heritage, let more people focus on the medicine of ethnic minorities. China has a large number of ethnic minorities, forming a variety of ethnic medicine. This is the crystallization of the practice and wisdom of the people of all ethnic groups.In recent years, great progress has been made in the inheritance and development of minority medicine. Of the 55 ethnic minorities in China, 35 have discovered and sorted out their own medical data.a total of 15 ethnic groups, including tibetans, mongolians and uighurs, have set up hospitals for their own medicine, and 7 medicine specialties of ethnic minorities have been included in the national medical qualification examination. The 2017 edition of the national list of insured drugs added 43 medicines for ethnic minorities. The state administration of traditional Chinese medicine, the state committee for civil affairs and other 13 departments jointly issued several opinions on strengthening the work of minority medicine in the new era, ushering in a new phase in the development of minority medicine.At present, the primary problem for the development of minority medicine is the shortage of talents. Some minority medicine is mainly oral, emphasizing the accumulation of individual experience and experiential learning. At present, affected by factors such as the aging of inheritors, the sharp decrease in the number of potential inheritors and the low level of education of inheritors, the inheritance of minority medicine is greatly limited, and the already rare talents are on the verge of serious fault crisis. Taking she nationality as an example, there is a lack of written records about she medicine, and the only remaining she medical literature is only preserved in the form of pictures or Chinese phonetic symbols, with few medical instruments left, which increases the difficulty of inheritance. At the same time, minority doctors are faced with the difficult problem of professional qualification and professional title promotion. Some people are ancestral family, no medical education, unable to assess the professional and technical titles, and the older age, to participate in the practice of physicians have expertise assessment is difficult.In addition, the loss of resources makes minority medicine "rare". Good prescriptions require genuine medicines to work, but many species are endangered. Take li medicine as an example, some unique medicinal materials in the secret recipe are increasingly rare, if not well protected, the medicinal materials become extinct, even if there is a good secret recipe also does not mean anything. Therefore, the rescue of endangered minority medicine, is a race against time, without delay.In addition to the Tibetan medicine bath law included in the list of intangible cultural heritage of mankind, some medicines of ethnic minorities in China have been included in the national intangible cultural heritage list. In order to avoid the disappearance of minority medicine, it is urgent for relevant departments to strengthen support and protection, and establish a sound policy guarantee mechanism. The law on traditional Chinese medicine stipulates that more support should be given to the inheritance, innovation, application and development of the medicine of ethnic minorities, as well as the training of talents. Only when the law on traditional Chinese medicine is implemented can the medicine of ethnic minorities benefit more people.The medicine of ethnic minorities is an important part of China's medical and health undertakings. We need to pass on the traditional medicine of ethnic minorities from generation to generation, so as to enhance human health.