Chinese medicine has once again become a hot spot in the “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit forum. “Chinese Traditional Chinese Medicine” hereby gives the full text of the “One Belt and One Road Development Plan for Chinese Medicine” (2016-2020) to everyone in order to fully understand the traditional Chinese medicine in the area. All the way" plays an important role in development.
In order to implement the "Vision and Action of Promoting the Construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road", strengthen exchanges and cooperation with countries along the "Belt and Road" in the field of Chinese medicine (including ethnic medicine), and create Chinese medicine We will open up a new pattern of opening up to the outside world and formulate this plan.
First, the basic situation
Since ancient times, traditional Chinese medicine has been an important part of the exchanges and cooperation between the countries along the ancient Silk Road. With the early commercial activities, it has taken root in the countries along the route, and has become a shared resource for the people along the line in different forms. In recent years, with the changes in health concepts and medical models, the efficacy and role of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of common diseases, frequently-occurring diseases, chronic diseases and major diseases have been increasingly recognized and accepted by the international community. At present, Chinese medicine has spread to 183 countries and regions. China has signed 86 Chinese medicine cooperation agreements with foreign governments, regional authorities and international organizations. Researcher Tu Yu found that artemisinin won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, indicating that Chinese medicine has made outstanding contributions to human health. Chinese medicine acupuncture is included in the UNESCO "List of Representatives of Human Intangible Cultural Heritage", "Compendium of Materia Medica" and "The Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic" are included in the "World Memory List". The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) established the Chinese Medicine Technical Committee (ISO/TC249) and successively formulated and promulgated more than 10 international standards for Chinese medicine. Traditional medicine represented by traditional Chinese medicine has been included in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) for the first time. As an important part of the international medical system, traditional Chinese medicine is playing an active role in promoting human health.
At the same time, we are also clearly aware that the development of Chinese medicine “Belt and Road” still faces many difficulties and challenges. Due to the differences in cultural background and theoretical system, most of the health management models along the line are based on modern medical systems, and Chinese medicine faces barriers in policy and technology. Traditional medicine is in a complementary and alternative position in most countries, and the development environment is not optimistic. The quality and efficiency of the development of domestic Chinese medicine is still weak, and the foundation of “going out” needs to be strengthened. At the same time, the existing export-oriented cooperation mechanism is still not well adapted to the needs of the development of the situation. The export-oriented team with international competitiveness has not yet formed, and the task of Chinese medicine participating in the construction of the “Belt and Road” is still very arduous.
Promoting the construction of “One Belt, One Road” for Chinese medicine is of great significance to serving the national strategy. Chinese medicine embodies the essence of the traditional culture of the Chinese nation. It is an important part of the cultural exchanges between Chinese civilization and countries along the route, and helps to promote the communication with the people of the countries along the line. Traditional Chinese medicine is an important part of the medical and health undertakings with Chinese characteristics. It can provide reference for the sustainable development of medical care along the line, and meet the general concerns of countries along the line to build people's livelihood. With the gradual acceleration of the integration of Chinese medicine into the international medical system, the development of the Chinese medicine health service industry has great potential and can contribute to the economic restructuring and economic growth. Actively participating in the construction of the “Belt and Road” will help promote the inheritance and innovation of Chinese medicine, promote the integration of original thinking of traditional Chinese medicine and modern technology, and make new contributions to safeguarding human health.
Second, the overall requirements
(1) Guiding ideology.
Conscientiously implement the spirit of the Party’s 18th and 18th Central, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Plenary Sessions, thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s series of important speeches, and follow the overall vision of the “Belt and Road” vision and action initiatives. Adhering to the principle of mutual benefit, adhering to the concept of sharing, building and sharing, following the laws governing the development of Chinese medicine, making full use of domestic and international resources, two markets, and two types of rules, based on the different development status of countries along the line, enriching the connotation of foreign cooperation, Improve the level of foreign cooperation, coordinate the promotion of foreign exchange and cooperation in traditional Chinese medicine, health care, education, scientific research, culture and industry, realize the integration and development of traditional medicine and modern medicine in traditional Chinese medicine along the line, and serve the “One Belt, One Road” initiative. Maintain human health services.
(2) Basic principles.
Relying on advantages, serving the overall situation. Give full play to the five resource advantages of traditional Chinese medicine as a health resource, economic resource, science and technology resource, cultural resource and ecological resource, obey and serve the overall deployment of the country's all-round opening up new pattern, and promote the deep integration of Chinese medicine and countries along the line.
The government leads the market. Make full use of the existing multilateral and bilateral mechanisms between the governments to build a stable cooperation platform. We will give play to the main role of various institutions in external cooperation, fully abide by the laws of the market, strengthen the coordinated development of the supply side and the demand side, and expand effective and medium-to-high-end supply.
According to local conditions, classification and policy. Based on the different development status of countries along the line, according to the needs of local people's health care, we will select cooperation areas, models and projects, and formulate and implement practical cooperation routes and measures.
Up and down linkage, internal and external coordination. Coordinate the layout of international and regional development, effectively guide localities to carry out exchanges and cooperation with countries along the line according to their own characteristics, and form a work situation of dislocation development, division of labor, coordination, and progress.
(3) Development goals.
By 2020, the new pattern of all-round cooperation in the “One Belt, One Road” of Chinese medicine has basically taken shape. The domestic policy support system and the international coordination mechanism have been gradually improved. Based on neighboring countries and key countries, 30 Chinese medicine overseas centers will be established in cooperation with countries along the route. It has promulgated 20 international standards for Chinese medicine, registered 100 kinds of Chinese medicine products, and built 50 demonstration bases for foreign exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine. The value of Chinese medicine medical care and health care is widely recognized by people along the line. More countries along the line recognize the legal status of Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine cooperates with the line to achieve greater scope, higher level, deeper level of openness, communication and integration. .
Third, the main task
(1) Policy communication and improve the mechanism of exchange and cooperation between governments.
Make full use of the existing inter-governmental cooperation mechanism, strengthen communication and experience sharing in traditional medical policies and regulations, personnel qualifications, product registration, market access, quality supervision, etc., and build a platform for qualified Chinese medicine institutions to “go global”. Provide policy support for Chinese medicine cooperation. Deepen the multilateral cooperation mechanism with the World Health Organization, the International Organization for Standardization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Central and Eastern Europe, the European Union, the ASEAN, etc., and actively participate in the research and formulation of international organizations' development strategies, operational rules, policy dynamics and standards, and create a conducive to Chinese medicine. The international environment for overseas development.
(2) Interoperability of resources and sharing of traditional Chinese medicine services with countries along the route.
Respond to international needs, do a good job in regional layout, support various excellent Chinese medicine institutions to cooperate with countries along the line to build a Chinese medicine center, combine common diseases, frequently-occurring diseases, chronic diseases and major and difficult diseases in different countries, and provide Chinese medicine and health care to people along the line. Services to promote the integration of TCM theory, services and culture into the national health system along the route. Taking medicines and medicines, aiming at drug regulatory systems in different countries, promoting mature Chinese medicine products to be registered in countries along the line in various ways such as medicines, health products, and functional foods, forming well-known brands and expanding the share of Chinese medicine products in the international market. .
(3) Communicating with the people and strengthening cultural exchanges with countries along the route.
Carry out public diplomacy in Chinese medicine, use Chinese medicine as a carrier to spread Chinese traditional culture, tell Chinese stories in international languages, promote the spread and promotion of Chinese medicine culture in countries along the route, and make Chinese medicine a bright business card for China on the international stage. Optimize the structure of Chinese medicine's foreign education, improve the quality of education, encourage Chinese medicine institutions of higher learning, social organizations and other institutions to cooperate with famous universities along the line, and incorporate the construction of Chinese medicine into the higher education system along the line. To carry out Chinese medicine academic education, short-term training and further training for countries along the route to improve the quality and level of Chinese medicine practitioners along the line.
(4) Science and Technology Unicom to promote the inheritance and innovation of Chinese medicine.
Support Chinese medicine medical institutions, research institutes, universities and Chinese medicine enterprises to carry out scientific and technological cooperation with first-class institutions along the line, establish a collaborative innovation mechanism and cooperation platform, and use modern science and technology and traditional Chinese medicine research methods to carry out multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary joint research Strengthen international scientific and technological cooperation in the field of Chinese medicine and transform it into products, technologies and services. In accordance with international standards, we will make full use of the World Health Organization and the International Organization for Standardization to study and formulate international standards and norms for disease diagnosis, treatment methods, efficacy evaluation, quality control, etc. that are consistent with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, and promote their application in countries along the route. Optimize the public service of intellectual property rights of Chinese medicine, strengthen the protection of Chinese medicine resources and intellectual property rights of Chinese medicine.
(5) Smooth trade and development of Chinese medicine health service industry.
Make full use of emerging businesses such as “Internet +”, strengthen supply-side reforms, and establish a Chinese medicine trade promotion system and an international marketing system oriented to market demand along the line. Expand the Chinese medicine service trade market, give full play to the scale advantages of traditional Chinese medicine medical care, education and training, and other traditional service trade fields, support the establishment of Chinese medicine service trade institutions at home and abroad, consolidate traditional markets, tap the service export potential, and increase the market share of emerging countries. . Supporting powerful Chinese medicine enterprises to establish subsidiaries or branches in the countries along the route through new establishments, mergers and acquisitions, leasing, and joint investment, build a multinational marketing network, and build a Chinese medicine logistics distribution center and economic alliance. Use multilateral and bilateral free trade zone negotiations to promote the development of Chinese medicine products and services trade.
Fourth, safeguard measures
(1) Improve the policy mechanism.
Establish a multi-sectoral coordination mechanism to promote the integration of “One Belt, One Road” Chinese medicine into national diplomatic, health, science and technology, culture, trade and other development strategies, formulate support policies, implement preferential measures, and cooperate with Chinese medicine and countries along the “Belt and Road” Provide strong policy protection. Promote the integration of Chinese medicine cooperation with multi- and bilateral cooperation mechanisms along the line, strengthen information exchange with countries along the line in traditional medicine, Chinese medicine related laws and regulations, policy measures, etc., increase intergovernmental consultations, and promote the relaxation of Chinese medicine along the line. Access restrictions for services and products.
(2) Increase financial and taxation support.
Give full play to the role of the Silk Road Fund and support the “One Belt, One Road” construction project of Chinese medicine. National policy banks are encouraged to provide credit support for eligible Chinese medicine service export projects within their business scope. Encourage social capital to actively participate in the construction of “One Belt, One Road” for Chinese medicine, and establish a “One Belt, One Road” fund for Chinese medicine in various forms. Support insurance companies to provide insurance services for the “One Belt and One Road” construction project and service export projects of Chinese medicine, and encourage insurance funds to participate in the “Belt and Road” construction project of Chinese medicine. We will build a diversified investment and financing model with various Chinese medicine institutions as the mainstay, project-based, various funds as the guide, and broad participation of all sectors of society. Eligible Chinese medicine enterprises that have been identified as high-tech enterprises may levy corporate income tax at a reduced rate of 15% in accordance with tax laws and regulations. For enterprises engaged in the cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, animal husbandry, poultry breeding, and endangered wildlife farming (planting) and other projects, corporate income tax may be reduced or exempted according to tax laws and regulations.
(3) Strengthening the construction of the talent team.
Through a variety of channels and channels, we will train a group of comprehensive talents with basic Chinese medicine skills, skilled use of foreign languages, and familiarity with international rules. We will strengthen the introduction of high-level overseas talents, and employ experts and celebrities with international exchanges and cooperation experience and influence as consultants for foreign exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine, and promote the construction of an expert think tank for foreign exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine. Targetedly select outstanding talents to work in international organizations, build an international talent team, and gradually build a high-quality international talent team.
(4) Strengthen organizational implementation.
We will give play to the role of the Leading Group for Promoting the Construction of the “Belt and Road” and the Inter-Ministerial Joint Conference System of Chinese Medicine, formulate a task division plan, coordinate and resolve major issues, and strengthen guidance, supervision and inspection of policy implementation. Local governments at all levels should incorporate the “One Belt and One Road” work of Chinese medicine into economic and social development planning, strengthen organizational leadership, improve the overall coordination mechanism and working mechanism, formulate specific implementation plans, and encourage relevant institutions to carry out “One Belt, One Road” cooperation in traditional Chinese medicine to achieve Local division of labor and cooperation, misalignment and coordinated development.