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Chinese Medicine Law: Helping Chinese Medicine "going out"

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Traditional Chinese medicine is the original medical science of the Chinese nation. It is an outstanding representative of the Chinese civilization and has made important contributions to the prosperity of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. In recent years, the Chinese medicine fever has been constantly embarking on a new wave, which is not only highly respected in China, but also receives more and more attention and recognition from the international community.

On July 1, 2017, China's first basic law, which systematically embodied the characteristics and laws of Chinese medicine, was officially implemented. The law raises the guidelines and policies of Chinese medicine to the will of the state, and fixes the duties of developing Chinese medicines at all levels of government in the form of laws, providing a solid guarantee for supporting and promoting the development of Chinese medicine.

New highlights of the Chinese Medicine Law

Before the official implementation of the Chinese Medicine Law, the Chinese Medicine Administration of China administered Chinese medicine in accordance with the Regulations on the Administration of Chinese Medicine of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Regulations”). In contrast, the “Chinese Medicine Law” as a law The rank is higher than the administrative regulations of the "Regulations" and is more effective. Secondly, the scope of adjustment of the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" covers all aspects of Chinese medicine work, and is much broader than the "Regulations". In addition, the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" has reformed and innovated the existing management system in many aspects such as Chinese medicine clinics, Chinese medicine practitioners' access, and Chinese medicine management, which is more in line with the characteristics and laws of Chinese medicine.

The biggest highlight of the Chinese Medicine Law is reflected in five aspects:

First, it has clarified the important position and development policy of the Chinese medicine industry. The Chinese Medicine Law stipulates that the Chinese medicine industry is an important part of China's medical and health undertakings. The state vigorously develops the Chinese medicine industry and implements the principle of paying equal attention to both Chinese and Western medicine. The development of Chinese medicine should follow the law of the development of Chinese medicine, adhere to the combination of inheritance and innovation, and maintain and exert the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine. The state encourages Chinese medicine practitioners to learn from each other, complement each other, coordinate development, and give full play to their respective advantages to promote the integration of Chinese and Western medicine.

Second, establish a management system that is consistent with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine is a medical system with a long history and unique theory and technical methods. It has distinctive characteristics that are different from Western medicine. Its management system needs to conform to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. The Chinese Medicine Law embodies this guiding ideology in many aspects such as medical institution management, physician practice management, Chinese medicine management, and personnel training.

Third, increase support for the Chinese medicine industry. This includes clarifying that the government at or above the county level should incorporate Chinese medicine into the national economic and social development plan, establish and improve the management system for Chinese medicine, and incorporate the development funds for the Chinese medicine industry into the budget, and provide policy support and condition guarantee for the development of Chinese medicine. Coordinate the promotion of the development of Chinese medicine; it is necessary to incorporate the construction of TCM medical institutions into the planning of medical institutions, organize appropriate Chinese medical institutions, and support the development of medical institutions that possess the characteristics and advantages of Chinese medicine; and reasonably determine the fees and standards for TCM medical services. The qualified Chinese medical institutions and Chinese medicine projects will be included in the scope of medical insurance designated institutions and medical insurance payment. At the same time, the development of Chinese medicine education, strengthen the scientific research of Chinese medicine, promote the inheritance of Chinese medicine and cultural communication. In addition, it is also clear that the state has taken measures to increase support for the inheritance, application development and talent cultivation of ethnic minority medicines.

Fourth, we must adhere to both support and regulation, and strengthen supervision over Chinese medicine. The "Chinese Medicine Law" clearly stipulates that the implementation of Chinese medicine services should meet the basic requirements of Chinese medicine services, strengthen the management of medical advertisements for Chinese medicine, and clarify the technical specifications and standards for the cultivation, collection, storage and primary processing of Chinese herbal medicines, and strengthen the Chinese medicines. The quality supervision and management of the whole process of material production and circulation guarantees the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. Strengthen the quality monitoring of Chinese herbal medicines, establish a Chinese medicine material circulation traceability system and a purchase inspection record system. Encourage the development of standardized cultivation and cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, strictly manage the use of agricultural inputs, and prohibit the use of highly toxic and highly toxic pesticides in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.

Fifth, increase penalties for violations of Chinese medicine. The "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" stipulates clear legal responsibilities for illegal behaviors of Chinese medicine clinics and traditional Chinese medicine practitioners, illegal treatment of Chinese medicine decoction by medical institutions, illegal preparation of traditional Chinese medicine preparations, and illegal publication of Chinese medical advertisements, so as to increase the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. The punishment of behaviors is to ensure the safety of the people.

Chinese medicine "going out" welcomes opportunities

The formulation and implementation of the Chinese Medicine Law is of great significance for promoting the development of Chinese medicine, promoting the construction of healthy China, enhancing the international influence of Chinese medicine, and expanding the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine.

On January 18, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping met with the then Director-General of the World Health Organization, Chen Fengfuzhen, in Geneva, Switzerland, and witnessed the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the World Health Organization on the “One Belt, One Road” cooperation in the field of health. The signing of the agreement and other agreements also attended the ceremony of giving acupuncture and bronze sculpture to China. In his speech, President Xi Jinping pointed out that we must inherit, develop and make good use of traditional medicine, and promote the integration of traditional medicine and modern medicine with an open and inclusive attitude. At present, Chinese medicine faces a broad space for development in the international arena.

With the shift of medical models and the aging of the population, there is a huge demand in the international healthcare market. In the 21st century, human living environment, lifestyle, and population structure have undergone tremendous changes. On the basis of ensuring access to basic medical and health services, people in all countries have an urgent need for a diversified medical security system. The health industry is increasingly becoming a hot market segment with great potential for development.

Second, the sustainable development of the medical system is a common problem faced by the international community. At present, both developing and developed countries are deeply troubled by rising medical expenses. How to reduce the government's huge medical expenses while providing a diversified medical security system is a problem that every country needs to solve. Chen Fengfuzhen once pointed out that a quarter of modern medicine research and development comes from natural plants, many of which are traditional medicines. Traditional medicine is close to people's lives, easy to obtain and affordable, so there is no doubt that traditional medicine will satisfy people to solve the above problems. Demand."

Traditional medicine represented by traditional Chinese medicine has ushered in unprecedented recognition and attention in the international community. The World Health Organization has continuously called for and urged member states to incorporate traditional medicine into the national health system. At the same time, foreign governments have also requested Chinese medicine cooperation with China through various channels. According to incomplete statistics, dozens of countries including France, Malaysia, Russia, Italy, and Australia have proposed to cooperate with China to build Chinese medicine hospitals overseas and to carry out cooperation in Chinese medicine.

Chinese medicine “going out” is also facing great challenges while welcoming opportunities.

The international competitiveness of the Chinese medicine industry to the world needs to be further improved, and the foundation of "going out" needs to be strengthened. Moreover, due to the differences in cultural background and theoretical system, most of the international health management models are based on the modern medical system. The “going out” of Chinese medicine faces many barriers in terms of policies and technologies, and the development environment is not optimistic. At the same time, the existing export-oriented cooperation mechanism is still not well adapted to the needs of the development of the situation. The export-oriented team with international competitiveness has not yet formed, and the overseas development task of Chinese medicine is still very arduous.

Even so, Chinese medicine has achieved good results in going international.

First of all, promote the global development of Chinese medicine. Chinese medicine has spread to 183 countries and regions. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, 103 Member States currently recognize the use of acupuncture, 29 of which have established traditional medicine laws and regulations, and 18 countries have incorporated acupuncture into the medical insurance system; Chinese medicine has gradually entered the international medical system, already in Russia, Cuba, Countries such as Vietnam, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates are registered in the form of medicines; hundreds of countries and regions have established hundreds of Chinese medicine colleges to train localized Chinese medicine professionals; 55 countries are affiliated with the World Federation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Associations in China. With 201 member groups in the region, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Association has 253 member groups in 67 countries and regions.

Traditional Chinese medicine has become an important part of China's economic and trade cooperation with ASEAN, EU, Africa, Central and Eastern Europe and other regions and organizations. It has become an important part of China's cultural exchanges with the rest of the world and the promotion of mutual exchanges between the East and the West. An important carrier for safeguarding world peace, enhancing human well-being, and building a community of human destiny.

The second is to support the development of international traditional medicine. The Chinese government is committed to promoting the development of international traditional medicine and has maintained close cooperation with the World Health Organization, contributing to the development of traditional medicine worldwide. China's practical experience in developing Chinese medicine has played an important role in the World Health Organization's successful holding of the first traditional medical conference in Beijing, China in 2008 and the formation of the Beijing Declaration. At the initiative of the Chinese government, the 62nd and 67th World Health Assembly twice adopted the "Traditional Medicine Resolution" and urged member states to implement the "WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023)".

At present, the Chinese government has signed 86 Chinese medicine cooperation agreements with relevant countries and international organizations, and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine has supported the establishment of 17 Chinese medicine centers overseas. For example, the China-Australia Chinese Medicine Center under the auspices of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has further expanded the influence of Chinese culture represented by Chinese medicine through overseas education, training, exhibitions and performances; Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Malawi, Africa Established the Chinese Medicine Overseas Center, carried out the Artemisinin Antimalaria Center Project, treated local malaria patients, trained local prevention and treatment personnel, and assisted the compound artemisinin and diagnosis and treatment equipment. The high quality diagnosis and treatment effect of Chinese medicine against malaria also won the Presidential Medal, Chinese Medicine A bridge of friendship has been established among the Chinese and Malaysian people.

The third is to promote the management of international Chinese medicine. In order to promote the standardized development of Chinese medicine on a global scale and ensure its safe, effective and rational application, China promotes the establishment of the Chinese Medicine Technical Committee (ISO/TC249) in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The secretariat is located in Shanghai, China. Issue a batch of international standards for Chinese medicine. Under the impetus of China, the World Health Organization has incorporated traditional Chinese medicine-based traditional medicine into the new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). In addition, many countries have defined the legal status of Chinese medicine and incorporated Chinese medicine into the scope of medical insurance. Traditional Chinese medicine clinics and acupuncture centers have become the main mode and place for traditional medicine services in many countries. For example, the Czech Senate currently adopts an amendment submitted by the Czech Ministry of Health, which includes relevant content of the educational conditions of Chinese medicine practitioners.

The fourth is to carry out foreign aid for Chinese medicine. At present, China has dispatched medical teams to more than 70 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and Chinese medicine personnel account for about 10% of the total. The establishment of the China Center for Chinese Medicine in African countries and the establishment of specialized Chinese medicine teams (points) in Kuwait, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Malta and Namibia. In recent years, China has strengthened the prevention and treatment of diseases such as AIDS and malaria in developing countries, especially in Africa. It has sent more than 400 Chinese medicine technicians to more than 40 countries including Tanzania, Comoros and Indonesia. The foreign aid medical team used traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, massage and integrated Chinese and Western medicine to treat many difficult and serious diseases, saved the lives of many dying patients, and was fully affirmed by the governments and people of the recipient countries.Traditional Chinese medicine is the original medical science of the Chinese nation. It is an outstanding representative of the Chinese civilization and has made important contributions to the prosperity of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. In recent years, the Chinese medicine fever has been constantly embarking on a new wave, which is not only highly respected in China, but also receives more and more attention and recognition from the international community.

On July 1, 2017, China's first basic law, which systematically embodied the characteristics and laws of Chinese medicine, was officially implemented. The law raises the guidelines and policies of Chinese medicine to the will of the state, and fixes the duties of developing Chinese medicines at all levels of government in the form of laws, providing a solid guarantee for supporting and promoting the development of Chinese medicine.

New highlights of the Chinese Medicine Law

Before the official implementation of the Chinese Medicine Law, the Chinese Medicine Administration of China administered Chinese medicine in accordance with the Regulations on the Administration of Chinese Medicine of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Regulations”). In contrast, the “Chinese Medicine Law” as a law The rank is higher than the administrative regulations of the "Regulations" and is more effective. Secondly, the scope of adjustment of the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" covers all aspects of Chinese medicine work, and is much broader than the "Regulations". In addition, the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" has reformed and innovated the existing management system in many aspects such as Chinese medicine clinics, Chinese medicine practitioners' access, and Chinese medicine management, which is more in line with the characteristics and laws of Chinese medicine.

The biggest highlight of the Chinese Medicine Law is reflected in five aspects:

First, it has clarified the important position and development policy of the Chinese medicine industry. The Chinese Medicine Law stipulates that the Chinese medicine industry is an important part of China's medical and health undertakings. The state vigorously develops the Chinese medicine industry and implements the principle of paying equal attention to both Chinese and Western medicine. The development of Chinese medicine should follow the law of the development of Chinese medicine, adhere to the combination of inheritance and innovation, and maintain and exert the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine. The state encourages Chinese medicine practitioners to learn from each other, complement each other, coordinate development, and give full play to their respective advantages to promote the integration of Chinese and Western medicine.

Second, establish a management system that is consistent with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine is a medical system with a long history and unique theory and technical methods. It has distinctive characteristics that are different from Western medicine. Its management system needs to conform to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. The Chinese Medicine Law embodies this guiding ideology in many aspects such as medical institution management, physician practice management, Chinese medicine management, and personnel training.

Third, increase support for the Chinese medicine industry. This includes clarifying that the government at or above the county level should incorporate Chinese medicine into the national economic and social development plan, establish and improve the management system for Chinese medicine, and incorporate the development funds for the Chinese medicine industry into the budget, and provide policy support and condition guarantee for the development of Chinese medicine. Coordinate the promotion of the development of Chinese medicine; it is necessary to incorporate the construction of TCM medical institutions into the planning of medical institutions, organize appropriate Chinese medical institutions, and support the development of medical institutions that possess the characteristics and advantages of Chinese medicine; and reasonably determine the fees and standards for TCM medical services. The qualified Chinese medical institutions and Chinese medicine projects will be included in the scope of medical insurance designated institutions and medical insurance payment. At the same time, the development of Chinese medicine education, strengthen the scientific research of Chinese medicine, promote the inheritance of Chinese medicine and cultural communication. In addition, it is also clear that the state has taken measures to increase support for the inheritance, application development and talent cultivation of ethnic minority medicines.

Fourth, we must adhere to both support and regulation, and strengthen supervision over Chinese medicine. The "Chinese Medicine Law" clearly stipulates that the implementation of Chinese medicine services should meet the basic requirements of Chinese medicine services, strengthen the management of medical advertisements for Chinese medicine, and clarify the technical specifications and standards for the cultivation, collection, storage and primary processing of Chinese herbal medicines, and strengthen the Chinese medicines. The quality supervision and management of the whole process of material production and circulation guarantees the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. Strengthen the quality monitoring of Chinese herbal medicines, establish a Chinese medicine material circulation traceability system and a purchase inspection record system. Encourage the development of standardized cultivation and cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, strictly manage the use of agricultural inputs, and prohibit the use of highly toxic and highly toxic pesticides in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.

Fifth, increase penalties for violations of Chinese medicine. The "Traditional Chinese Medicine Law" stipulates clear legal responsibilities for illegal behaviors of Chinese medicine clinics and traditional Chinese medicine practitioners, illegal treatment of Chinese medicine decoction by medical institutions, illegal preparation of traditional Chinese medicine preparations, and illegal publication of Chinese medical advertisements, so as to increase the quality and safety of Chinese herbal medicines. The punishment of behaviors is to ensure the safety of the people.

Chinese medicine "going out" welcomes opportunities

The formulation and implementation of the Chinese Medicine Law is of great significance for promoting the development of Chinese medicine, promoting the construction of healthy China, enhancing the international influence of Chinese medicine, and expanding the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine.

On January 18, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping met with the then Director-General of the World Health Organization, Chen Fengfuzhen, in Geneva, Switzerland, and witnessed the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the World Health Organization on the “One Belt, One Road” cooperation in the field of health. The signing of the agreement and other agreements also attended the ceremony of giving acupuncture and bronze sculpture to China. In his speech, President Xi Jinping pointed out that we must inherit, develop and make good use of traditional medicine, and promote the integration of traditional medicine and modern medicine with an open and inclusive attitude. At present, Chinese medicine faces a broad space for development in the international arena.

With the shift of medical models and the aging of the population, there is a huge demand in the international healthcare market. In the 21st century, human living environment, lifestyle, and population structure have undergone tremendous changes. On the basis of ensuring access to basic medical and health services, people in all countries have an urgent need for a diversified medical security system. The health industry is increasingly becoming a hot market segment with great potential for development.

Second, the sustainable development of the medical system is a common problem faced by the international community. At present, both developing and developed countries are deeply troubled by rising medical expenses. How to reduce the government's huge medical expenses while providing a diversified medical security system is a problem that every country needs to solve. Chen Fengfuzhen once pointed out that a quarter of modern medicine research and development comes from natural plants, many of which are traditional medicines. Traditional medicine is close to people's lives, easy to obtain and affordable, so there is no doubt that traditional medicine will satisfy people to solve the above problems. Demand."

Traditional medicine represented by traditional Chinese medicine has ushered in unprecedented recognition and attention in the international community. The World Health Organization has continuously called for and urged member states to incorporate traditional medicine into the national health system. At the same time, foreign governments have also requested Chinese medicine cooperation with China through various channels. According to incomplete statistics, dozens of countries including France, Malaysia, Russia, Italy, and Australia have proposed to cooperate with China to build Chinese medicine hospitals overseas and to carry out cooperation in Chinese medicine.

Chinese medicine “going out” is also facing great challenges while welcoming opportunities.

The international competitiveness of the Chinese medicine industry to the world needs to be further improved, and the foundation of "going out" needs to be strengthened. Moreover, due to the differences in cultural background and theoretical system, most of the international health management models are based on the modern medical system. The “going out” of Chinese medicine faces many barriers in terms of policies and technologies, and the development environment is not optimistic. At the same time, the existing export-oriented cooperation mechanism is still not well adapted to the needs of the development of the situation. The export-oriented team with international competitiveness has not yet formed, and the overseas development task of Chinese medicine is still very arduous.

Even so, Chinese medicine has achieved good results in going international.

First of all, promote the global development of Chinese medicine. Chinese medicine has spread to 183 countries and regions. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, 103 Member States currently recognize the use of acupuncture, 29 of which have established traditional medicine laws and regulations, and 18 countries have incorporated acupuncture into the medical insurance system; Chinese medicine has gradually entered the international medical system, already in Russia, Cuba, Countries such as Vietnam, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates are registered in the form of medicines; hundreds of countries and regions have established hundreds of Chinese medicine colleges to train localized Chinese medicine professionals; 55 countries are affiliated with the World Federation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Associations in China. With 201 member groups in the region, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Association has 253 member groups in 67 countries and regions.

Traditional Chinese medicine has become an important part of China's economic and trade cooperation with ASEAN, EU, Africa, Central and Eastern Europe and other regions and organizations. It has become an important part of China's cultural exchanges with the rest of the world and the promotion of mutual exchanges between the East and the West. An important carrier for safeguarding world peace, enhancing human well-being, and building a community of human destiny.

The second is to support the development of international traditional medicine. The Chinese government is committed to promoting the development of international traditional medicine and has maintained close cooperation with the World Health Organization, contributing to the development of traditional medicine worldwide. China's practical experience in developing Chinese medicine has played an important role in the World Health Organization's successful holding of the first traditional medical conference in Beijing, China in 2008 and the formation of the Beijing Declaration. At the initiative of the Chinese government, the 62nd and 67th World Health Assembly twice adopted the "Traditional Medicine Resolution" and urged member states to implement the "WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023)".

At present, the Chinese government has signed 86 Chinese medicine cooperation agreements with relevant countries and international organizations, and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine has supported the establishment of 17 Chinese medicine centers overseas. For example, the China-Australia Chinese Medicine Center under the auspices of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has further expanded the influence of Chinese culture represented by Chinese medicine through overseas education, training, exhibitions and performances; Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Malawi, Africa Established the Chinese Medicine Overseas Center, carried out the Artemisinin Antimalaria Center Project, treated local malaria patients, trained local prevention and treatment personnel, and assisted the compound artemisinin and diagnosis and treatment equipment. The high quality diagnosis and treatment effect of Chinese medicine against malaria also won the Presidential Medal, Chinese Medicine A bridge of friendship has been established among the Chinese and Malaysian people.

The third is to promote the management of international Chinese medicine. In order to promote the standardized development of Chinese medicine on a global scale and ensure its safe, effective and rational application, China promotes the establishment of the Chinese Medicine Technical Committee (ISO/TC249) in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The secretariat is located in Shanghai, China. Issue a batch of international standards for Chinese medicine. Under the impetus of China, the World Health Organization has incorporated traditional Chinese medicine-based traditional medicine into the new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). In addition, many countries have defined the legal status of Chinese medicine and incorporated Chinese medicine into the scope of medical insurance. Traditional Chinese medicine clinics and acupuncture centers have become the main mode and place for traditional medicine services in many countries. For example, the Czech Senate currently adopts an amendment submitted by the Czech Ministry of Health, which includes relevant content of the educational conditions of Chinese medicine practitioners.

The fourth is to carry out foreign aid for Chinese medicine. At present, China has dispatched medical teams to more than 70 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and Chinese medicine personnel account for about 10% of the total. The establishment of the China Center for Chinese Medicine in African countries and the establishment of specialized Chinese medicine teams (points) in Kuwait, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Malta and Namibia. In recent years, China has strengthened the prevention and treatment of diseases such as AIDS and malaria in developing countries, especially in Africa. It has sent more than 400 Chinese medicine technicians to more than 40 countries including Tanzania, Comoros and Indonesia. The foreign aid medical team used traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, massage and integrated Chinese and Western medicine to treat many difficult and serious diseases, saved the lives of many dying patients, and was fully affirmed by the governments and people of the recipient countries.